Spring Framework

org.springframework.jdbc.support.lob
Interface LobHandler

All Known Implementing Classes:
AbstractLobHandler, DefaultLobHandler, OracleLobHandler

public interface LobHandler

Abstraction for handling large binary fields and large text fields in specific databases, no matter if represented as simple types or Large OBjects. Its main purpose is to isolate Oracle's peculiar handling of LOBs in OracleLobHandler; most other databases should be able to work with the provided DefaultLobHandler.

Provides accessor methods for BLOBs and CLOBs, and acts as factory for LobCreator instances, to be used as sessions for creating BLOBs or CLOBs. LobCreators are typically instantiated for each statement execution or for each transaction; they are not thread-safe because they might track allocated database resources in order to free them after execution.

Most databases/drivers should be able to work with DefaultLobHandler, which by default delegates to JDBC's direct accessor methods, avoiding the java.sql.Blob and java.sql.Clob API completely. DefaultLobHandler can also be configured to access LOBs using PreparedStatement.setBlob/setClob (e.g. for PostgreSQL), through setting the "wrapAsLob" property.

Unfortunately, Oracle 9i just accepts Blob/Clob instances created via its own proprietary BLOB/CLOB API, and additionally doesn't accept large streams for PreparedStatement's corresponding setter methods. Therefore, you need to use OracleLobHandler there, which uses Oracle's BLOB/CLOB API for both types of access. The Oracle 10g JDBC driver should basically work with DefaultLobHandler as well, with some limitations in terms of LOB sizes.

Of course, you need to declare different field types for each database. In Oracle, any binary content needs to go into a BLOB, and all character content beyond 4000 bytes needs to go into a CLOB. In MySQL, there is no notion of a CLOB type but rather a LONGTEXT type that behaves like a VARCHAR. For complete portability, use a LobHandler for fields that might typically require LOBs on some database because of the field size (take Oracle's numbers as a guideline).

Summarizing the recommended options (for actual LOB fields):

Since:
23.12.2003
Author:
Juergen Hoeller
See Also:
DefaultLobHandler, OracleLobHandler, ResultSet.getBlob(int), ResultSet.getClob(int), ResultSet.getBytes(int), ResultSet.getBinaryStream(int), ResultSet.getString(int), ResultSet.getAsciiStream(int), ResultSet.getCharacterStream(int)

Method Summary
 java.io.InputStream getBlobAsBinaryStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs, int columnIndex)
          Retrieve the given column as binary stream from the given ResultSet.
 java.io.InputStream getBlobAsBinaryStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs, java.lang.String columnName)
          Retrieve the given column as binary stream from the given ResultSet.
 byte[] getBlobAsBytes(java.sql.ResultSet rs, int columnIndex)
          Retrieve the given column as bytes from the given ResultSet.
 byte[] getBlobAsBytes(java.sql.ResultSet rs, java.lang.String columnName)
          Retrieve the given column as bytes from the given ResultSet.
 java.io.InputStream getClobAsAsciiStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs, int columnIndex)
          Retrieve the given column as ASCII stream from the given ResultSet.
 java.io.InputStream getClobAsAsciiStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs, java.lang.String columnName)
          Retrieve the given column as ASCII stream from the given ResultSet.
 java.io.Reader getClobAsCharacterStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs, int columnIndex)
          Retrieve the given column as character stream from the given ResultSet.
 java.io.Reader getClobAsCharacterStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs, java.lang.String columnName)
          Retrieve the given column as character stream from the given ResultSet.
 java.lang.String getClobAsString(java.sql.ResultSet rs, int columnIndex)
          Retrieve the given column as String from the given ResultSet.
 java.lang.String getClobAsString(java.sql.ResultSet rs, java.lang.String columnName)
          Retrieve the given column as String from the given ResultSet.
 LobCreator getLobCreator()
          Create a new LobCreator instance, i.e.
 

Method Detail

getBlobAsBytes

byte[] getBlobAsBytes(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                      java.lang.String columnName)
                      throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as bytes from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getBytes or work with ResultSet.getBlob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnName - the column name to use
Returns:
the content as byte array, or null in case of SQL NULL
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getBytes(int)

getBlobAsBytes

byte[] getBlobAsBytes(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                      int columnIndex)
                      throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as bytes from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getBytes or work with ResultSet.getBlob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnIndex - the column index to use
Returns:
the content as byte array, or null in case of SQL NULL
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getBytes(int)

getBlobAsBinaryStream

java.io.InputStream getBlobAsBinaryStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                                          java.lang.String columnName)
                                          throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as binary stream from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getBinaryStream or work with ResultSet.getBlob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnName - the column name to use
Returns:
the content as binary stream, or null in case of SQL NULL
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getBinaryStream(int)

getBlobAsBinaryStream

java.io.InputStream getBlobAsBinaryStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                                          int columnIndex)
                                          throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as binary stream from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getBinaryStream or work with ResultSet.getBlob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnIndex - the column index to use
Returns:
the content as binary stream, or null in case of SQL NULL
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getBinaryStream(int)

getClobAsString

java.lang.String getClobAsString(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                                 java.lang.String columnName)
                                 throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as String from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getString or work with ResultSet.getClob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnName - the column name to use
Returns:
the content as String, or null in case of SQL NULL
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getString(int)

getClobAsString

java.lang.String getClobAsString(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                                 int columnIndex)
                                 throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as String from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getString or work with ResultSet.getClob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnIndex - the column index to use
Returns:
the content as String, or null in case of SQL NULL
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getString(int)

getClobAsAsciiStream

java.io.InputStream getClobAsAsciiStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                                         java.lang.String columnName)
                                         throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as ASCII stream from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getAsciiStream or work with ResultSet.getClob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnName - the column name to use
Returns:
the content as ASCII stream, or null in case of SQL NULL
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getAsciiStream(int)

getClobAsAsciiStream

java.io.InputStream getClobAsAsciiStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                                         int columnIndex)
                                         throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as ASCII stream from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getAsciiStream or work with ResultSet.getClob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnIndex - the column index to use
Returns:
the content as ASCII stream, or null in case of SQL NULL
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getAsciiStream(int)

getClobAsCharacterStream

java.io.Reader getClobAsCharacterStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                                        java.lang.String columnName)
                                        throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as character stream from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getCharacterStream or work with ResultSet.getClob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnName - the column name to use
Returns:
the content as character stream
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getCharacterStream(int)

getClobAsCharacterStream

java.io.Reader getClobAsCharacterStream(java.sql.ResultSet rs,
                                        int columnIndex)
                                        throws java.sql.SQLException
Retrieve the given column as character stream from the given ResultSet. Might simply invoke ResultSet.getCharacterStream or work with ResultSet.getClob, depending on the database and driver.

Parameters:
rs - the ResultSet to retrieve the content from
columnIndex - the column index to use
Returns:
the content as character stream
Throws:
java.sql.SQLException - if thrown by JDBC methods
See Also:
ResultSet.getCharacterStream(int)

getLobCreator

LobCreator getLobCreator()
Create a new LobCreator instance, i.e. a session for creating BLOBs and CLOBs. Needs to be closed after the created LOBs are not needed anymore - typically after statement execution or transaction completion.

Returns:
the new LobCreator instance
See Also:
LobCreator.close()

Spring Framework