Spring Framework

org.springframework.transaction.support
Class TransactionSynchronizationManager

java.lang.Object
  extended by org.springframework.transaction.support.TransactionSynchronizationManager

public abstract class TransactionSynchronizationManager
extends java.lang.Object

Central helper that manages resources and transaction synchronizations per thread. To be used by resource management code but not by typical application code.

Supports one resource per key without overwriting, that is, a resource needs to be removed before a new one can be set for the same key. Supports a list of transaction synchronizations if synchronization is active.

Resource management code should check for thread-bound resources, e.g. JDBC Connections or Hibernate Sessions, via getResource. Such code is normally not supposed to bind resources to threads, as this is the responsibility of transaction managers. A further option is to lazily bind on first use if transaction synchronization is active, for performing transactions that span an arbitrary number of resources.

Transaction synchronization must be activated and deactivated by a transaction manager via initSynchronization() and clearSynchronization(). This is automatically supported by AbstractPlatformTransactionManager, and thus by all standard Spring transaction managers, such as JtaTransactionManager and DataSourceTransactionManager.

Resource management code should only register synchronizations when this manager is active, which can be checked via isSynchronizationActive(); it should perform immediate resource cleanup else. If transaction synchronization isn't active, there is either no current transaction, or the transaction manager doesn't support transaction synchronization.

Synchronization is for example used to always return the same resources within a JTA transaction, e.g. a JDBC Connection or a Hibernate Session for any given DataSource or SessionFactory, respectively.

Since:
02.06.2003
Author:
Juergen Hoeller
See Also:
isSynchronizationActive(), registerSynchronization(org.springframework.transaction.support.TransactionSynchronization), TransactionSynchronization, AbstractPlatformTransactionManager.setTransactionSynchronization(int), JtaTransactionManager, DataSourceTransactionManager, DataSourceUtils.getConnection(javax.sql.DataSource)

Constructor Summary
TransactionSynchronizationManager()
           
 
Method Summary
static void bindResource(java.lang.Object key, java.lang.Object value)
          Bind the given resource for the given key to the current thread.
static void clear()
          Clear the entire transaction synchronization state for the current thread: registered synchronizations as well as the various transaction characteristics.
static void clearSynchronization()
          Deactivate transaction synchronization for the current thread.
static java.lang.Integer getCurrentTransactionIsolationLevel()
          Return the isolation level for the current transaction, if any.
static java.lang.String getCurrentTransactionName()
          Return the name of the current transaction, or null if none set.
static java.lang.Object getResource(java.lang.Object key)
          Retrieve a resource for the given key that is bound to the current thread.
static java.util.Map<java.lang.Object,java.lang.Object> getResourceMap()
          Return all resources that are bound to the current thread.
static java.util.List<TransactionSynchronization> getSynchronizations()
          Return an unmodifiable snapshot list of all registered synchronizations for the current thread.
static boolean hasResource(java.lang.Object key)
          Check if there is a resource for the given key bound to the current thread.
static void initSynchronization()
          Activate transaction synchronization for the current thread.
static boolean isActualTransactionActive()
          Return whether there currently is an actual transaction active.
static boolean isCurrentTransactionReadOnly()
          Return whether the current transaction is marked as read-only.
static boolean isSynchronizationActive()
          Return if transaction synchronization is active for the current thread.
static void registerSynchronization(TransactionSynchronization synchronization)
          Register a new transaction synchronization for the current thread.
static void setActualTransactionActive(boolean active)
          Expose whether there currently is an actual transaction active.
static void setCurrentTransactionIsolationLevel(java.lang.Integer isolationLevel)
          Expose an isolation level for the current transaction.
static void setCurrentTransactionName(java.lang.String name)
          Expose the name of the current transaction, if any.
static void setCurrentTransactionReadOnly(boolean readOnly)
          Expose a read-only flag for the current transaction.
static java.lang.Object unbindResource(java.lang.Object key)
          Unbind a resource for the given key from the current thread.
static java.lang.Object unbindResourceIfPossible(java.lang.Object key)
          Unbind a resource for the given key from the current thread.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

TransactionSynchronizationManager

public TransactionSynchronizationManager()
Method Detail

getResourceMap

public static java.util.Map<java.lang.Object,java.lang.Object> getResourceMap()
Return all resources that are bound to the current thread.

Mainly for debugging purposes. Resource managers should always invoke hasResource for a specific resource key that they are interested in.

Returns:
a Map with resource keys (usually the resource factory) and resource values (usually the active resource object), or an empty Map if there are currently no resources bound
See Also:
hasResource(java.lang.Object)

hasResource

public static boolean hasResource(java.lang.Object key)
Check if there is a resource for the given key bound to the current thread.

Parameters:
key - the key to check (usually the resource factory)
Returns:
if there is a value bound to the current thread
See Also:
ResourceTransactionManager.getResourceFactory()

getResource

public static java.lang.Object getResource(java.lang.Object key)
Retrieve a resource for the given key that is bound to the current thread.

Parameters:
key - the key to check (usually the resource factory)
Returns:
a value bound to the current thread (usually the active resource object), or null if none
See Also:
ResourceTransactionManager.getResourceFactory()

bindResource

public static void bindResource(java.lang.Object key,
                                java.lang.Object value)
                         throws java.lang.IllegalStateException
Bind the given resource for the given key to the current thread.

Parameters:
key - the key to bind the value to (usually the resource factory)
value - the value to bind (usually the active resource object)
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalStateException - if there is already a value bound to the thread
See Also:
ResourceTransactionManager.getResourceFactory()

unbindResource

public static java.lang.Object unbindResource(java.lang.Object key)
                                       throws java.lang.IllegalStateException
Unbind a resource for the given key from the current thread.

Parameters:
key - the key to unbind (usually the resource factory)
Returns:
the previously bound value (usually the active resource object)
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalStateException - if there is no value bound to the thread
See Also:
ResourceTransactionManager.getResourceFactory()

unbindResourceIfPossible

public static java.lang.Object unbindResourceIfPossible(java.lang.Object key)
Unbind a resource for the given key from the current thread.

Parameters:
key - the key to unbind (usually the resource factory)
Returns:
the previously bound value, or null if none bound

isSynchronizationActive

public static boolean isSynchronizationActive()
Return if transaction synchronization is active for the current thread. Can be called before register to avoid unnecessary instance creation.

See Also:
registerSynchronization(org.springframework.transaction.support.TransactionSynchronization)

initSynchronization

public static void initSynchronization()
                                throws java.lang.IllegalStateException
Activate transaction synchronization for the current thread. Called by a transaction manager on transaction begin.

Throws:
java.lang.IllegalStateException - if synchronization is already active

registerSynchronization

public static void registerSynchronization(TransactionSynchronization synchronization)
                                    throws java.lang.IllegalStateException
Register a new transaction synchronization for the current thread. Typically called by resource management code.

Note that synchronizations can implement the Ordered interface. They will be executed in an order according to their order value (if any).

Parameters:
synchronization - the synchronization object to register
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalStateException - if transaction synchronization is not active
See Also:
Ordered

getSynchronizations

public static java.util.List<TransactionSynchronization> getSynchronizations()
                                                                      throws java.lang.IllegalStateException
Return an unmodifiable snapshot list of all registered synchronizations for the current thread.

Returns:
unmodifiable List of TransactionSynchronization instances
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalStateException - if synchronization is not active
See Also:
TransactionSynchronization

clearSynchronization

public static void clearSynchronization()
                                 throws java.lang.IllegalStateException
Deactivate transaction synchronization for the current thread. Called by the transaction manager on transaction cleanup.

Throws:
java.lang.IllegalStateException - if synchronization is not active

setCurrentTransactionName

public static void setCurrentTransactionName(java.lang.String name)
Expose the name of the current transaction, if any. Called by the transaction manager on transaction begin and on cleanup.

Parameters:
name - the name of the transaction, or null to reset it
See Also:
TransactionDefinition.getName()

getCurrentTransactionName

public static java.lang.String getCurrentTransactionName()
Return the name of the current transaction, or null if none set. To be called by resource management code for optimizations per use case, for example to optimize fetch strategies for specific named transactions.

See Also:
TransactionDefinition.getName()

setCurrentTransactionReadOnly

public static void setCurrentTransactionReadOnly(boolean readOnly)
Expose a read-only flag for the current transaction. Called by the transaction manager on transaction begin and on cleanup.

Parameters:
readOnly - true to mark the current transaction as read-only; false to reset such a read-only marker
See Also:
TransactionDefinition.isReadOnly()

isCurrentTransactionReadOnly

public static boolean isCurrentTransactionReadOnly()
Return whether the current transaction is marked as read-only. To be called by resource management code when preparing a newly created resource (for example, a Hibernate Session).

Note that transaction synchronizations receive the read-only flag as argument for the beforeCommit callback, to be able to suppress change detection on commit. The present method is meant to be used for earlier read-only checks, for example to set the flush mode of a Hibernate Session to "FlushMode.NEVER" upfront.

See Also:
TransactionDefinition.isReadOnly(), TransactionSynchronization.beforeCommit(boolean)

setCurrentTransactionIsolationLevel

public static void setCurrentTransactionIsolationLevel(java.lang.Integer isolationLevel)
Expose an isolation level for the current transaction. Called by the transaction manager on transaction begin and on cleanup.

Parameters:
isolationLevel - the isolation level to expose, according to the JDBC Connection constants (equivalent to the corresponding Spring TransactionDefinition constants), or null to reset it
See Also:
Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_UNCOMMITTED, Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_COMMITTED, Connection.TRANSACTION_REPEATABLE_READ, Connection.TRANSACTION_SERIALIZABLE, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_READ_UNCOMMITTED, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_READ_COMMITTED, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_REPEATABLE_READ, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_SERIALIZABLE, TransactionDefinition.getIsolationLevel()

getCurrentTransactionIsolationLevel

public static java.lang.Integer getCurrentTransactionIsolationLevel()
Return the isolation level for the current transaction, if any. To be called by resource management code when preparing a newly created resource (for example, a JDBC Connection).

Returns:
the currently exposed isolation level, according to the JDBC Connection constants (equivalent to the corresponding Spring TransactionDefinition constants), or null if none
See Also:
Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_UNCOMMITTED, Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_COMMITTED, Connection.TRANSACTION_REPEATABLE_READ, Connection.TRANSACTION_SERIALIZABLE, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_READ_UNCOMMITTED, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_READ_COMMITTED, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_REPEATABLE_READ, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_SERIALIZABLE, TransactionDefinition.getIsolationLevel()

setActualTransactionActive

public static void setActualTransactionActive(boolean active)
Expose whether there currently is an actual transaction active. Called by the transaction manager on transaction begin and on cleanup.

Parameters:
active - true to mark the current thread as being associated with an actual transaction; false to reset that marker

isActualTransactionActive

public static boolean isActualTransactionActive()
Return whether there currently is an actual transaction active. This indicates whether the current thread is associated with an actual transaction rather than just with active transaction synchronization.

To be called by resource management code that wants to discriminate between active transaction synchronization (with or without backing resource transaction; also on PROPAGATION_SUPPORTS) and an actual transaction being active (with backing resource transaction; on PROPAGATION_REQUIRES, PROPAGATION_REQUIRES_NEW, etc).

See Also:
isSynchronizationActive()

clear

public static void clear()
Clear the entire transaction synchronization state for the current thread: registered synchronizations as well as the various transaction characteristics.

See Also:
clearSynchronization(), setCurrentTransactionName(java.lang.String), setCurrentTransactionReadOnly(boolean), setCurrentTransactionIsolationLevel(java.lang.Integer), setActualTransactionActive(boolean)

Spring Framework