7. Pig support

For Pig users, SHDP provides easy creation and configuration of PigServer instances for registering and executing scripts either locally or remotely. In its simplest form, the declaration looks as follows:

<hdp:pig />

This will create a org.springframework.data.hadoop.pig.PigServerFactory instance, named pigFactory, a factory that creates PigServer instances on demand configured with a default PigContext, executing scripts in MapReduce mode. The factory is needed since PigServer is not thread-safe and thus cannot be used by multiple objects at the same time. In typical scenarios however, one might want to connect to a remote Hadoop tracker and register some scripts automatically so let us take a look of how the configuration might look like:

<pig-factory exec-type="LOCAL" job-name="pig-script" configuration-ref="hadoopConfiguration" properties-location="pig-dev.properties" 
   <script location="org/company/pig/script.pig">
     A = LOAD 'src/test/resources/logs/apache_access.log' USING PigStorage() AS (name:chararray, age:int);
     DUMP B;
</pig-factory> />

The example exposes quite a few options so let us review them one by one. First the top-level pig definition configures the pig instance: the execution type, the Hadoop configuration used and the job name. Notice that additional properties can be specified (either by declaring them inlined or/and loading them from an external file) - in fact, <hdp:pig-factory/> just like the rest of the libraries configuration elements, supports common properties attributes as described in the hadoop configuration section.

The definition contains also two scripts: script.pig (read from the classpath) to which one pair of arguments, relevant to the script, is passed (notice the use of property placeholder) but also an inlined script, declared as part of the definition, without any arguments.

As you can tell, the pig-factory namespace offers several options pertaining to Pig configuration.

7.1 Running a Pig script

Like the rest of the Spring Hadoop components, a runner is provided out of the box for executing Pig scripts, either inlined or from various locations through pig-runner element:

<hdp:pig-runner id="pigRunner" run-at-startup="true">
		A = LOAD 'src/test/resources/logs/apache_access.log' USING PigStorage() AS (name:chararray, age:int);
   <hdp:script location="pig-scripts/script.pig"/>

The runner will trigger the execution during the application start-up (notice the run-at-startup flag which is by default false). Do note that the runner will not run unless triggered manually or if run-at-startup is set to true. Additionally the runner (as in fact do all runners in SHDP) allows one or multiple pre and post actions to be specified to be executed before and after each run. Typically other runners (such as other jobs or scripts) can be specified but any JDK Callable can be passed in. For more information on runners, see the dedicated chapter.

7.1.1 Using the Pig tasklet

For Spring Batch environments, SHDP provides a dedicated tasklet to execute Pig queries, on demand, as part of a batch or workflow. The declaration is pretty straightforward:

<hdp:pig-tasklet id="pig-script">
   <hdp:script location="org/company/pig/handsome.pig" />

The syntax of the scripts declaration is similar to that of the pig namespace.

7.2 Interacting with the Pig API

For those that need to programmatically interact directly with Pig , Spring for Apache Hadoop provides a dedicated template, similar to the aforementioned HiveTemplate. The template handles the redundant, boiler-plate code, required for interacting with Pig such as creating a new PigServer, executing the scripts, catching any exceptions and performing clean-up. One can programmatically execute scripts but also interact with the Hive API through the PigServerCallback. For example:

<hdp:pig-factory ... />
<!-- Pig template wires automatically to 'pigFactory'-->
<hdp:pig-template />
<!-- use component scanning-->
<context:component-scan base-package="some.pkg" /> 
public class SomeClass {
  private PigTemplate template;

  public Set<String> getDbs() {
      return pigTemplate.execute(new PigCallback<Set<String>() {
         public Set<String> doInPig(PigServer pig) throws ExecException, IOException {
            return pig.getAliasKeySet();

The example above shows a basic container configuration wiring a PigTemplate into a user class which uses it to interact with the PigServer API. Notice that the user does not have to handle the lifecycle of the PigServer instance or catch any exception - these are handled automatically by the template which converts them, like the rest of the Spring templates, into DataAccessExceptions. Thus the application only has to track only one exception hierarchy across all data technologies instead of one per technology.