The Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI) is for LDAP programming what Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is for SQL programming. There are several similarities between JDBC and JNDI/LDAP (Java LDAP). Despite being two completely different APIs with different pros and cons, they share a number of less flattering characteristics:

The above points often lead to massive code duplication in common usages of the APIs. As we all know, code duplication is one of the worst code smells. All in all, it boils down to this: JDBC and LDAP programming in Java are both incredibly dull and repetitive.

Spring JDBC, a part of the Spring framework, provides excellent utilities for simplifying SQL programming. We need a similar framework for Java LDAP programming.