If you get the following Exception:
NAMESPACE_ERR: An attempt is made to create or change an object in a way which is incorrect with regard to namespaces.
Most often, this exception is related to an older version of Xalan being used. Make sure to upgrade to 2.7.0.
As of version 2.0, Spring Web Services requires Java 1.5 or higher.
Java 1.6 ships with SAAJ 1.3, JAXB 2.0, and JAXP 1.4 (a custom version of Xerces and Xalan). Overriding these libraries by putting different version on the classpath will result in various classloading issues, or exceptions in org.apache.xml.serializer.ToXMLSAXHandler. The only option for using more recent versions is to put the newer version in the endorsed directory (see above).
SAAJ is the SOAP with Attachments API for Java. Like most Java EE libraries, it consists of a set of interfaces (saaj-api.jar), and implementations (saaj-impl.jar). When running in a Application Server, the implementation is typically provided by the application server. Previously, SAAJ has been part of JAXM, but it has been released as a seperate API as part of the Java Web Service Developer Pack, and also as part of J2EE 1.4. SAAJ is generally known as the packagejavax.xml.soap.
Spring-WS uses this standard SAAJ library to create representations of SOAP messages. Alternatively, it can useApache AXIOM.
|Application Server||SAAJ Version|
|BEA WebLogic 8||1.1|
|BEA WebLogic 9||1.1/1.2*|
|BEA WebLogic 10||1.3**|
|IBM WebSphere 6||1.2|
|SUN Glassfish 1||1.3|
* = See below.
** = See below.
*** = See below.
Additionally, Java SE 6 includes SAAJ 1.3.
If you get the following stack trace:
org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory' defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/springws-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.xml.soap.MessageFactory.newInstance(Ljava/lang/String;)Ljavax/xml/soap/MessageFactory; Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.xml.soap.MessageFactory.newInstance(Ljava/lang/String;)Ljavax/xml/soap/MessageFactory;
Like most J2EE libraries, SAAJ consists of two parts: the API that consists of interfaces (saaj-api.jar) and the implementation (saaj-impl.jar). The stack trace is due to the fact that you are using a new version of the API (SAAJ 1.3), while your application server provides an earlier version of the implementation (SAAJ 1.2 or even 1.1). Spring-WS supports all three versions of SAAJ (1.1 through 1.3), but things break when it sees the 1.3 API, while there is no 1.3 implementation.
The solution therefore is quite simple: to remove the newer 1.3 version of the API, from the class path, and replace it with the version supported by your application server.
WebLogic 9 has a known bug in the SAAJ 1.2 implementation: it implement all the 1.2 interfaces, but throws UnsupportedOperationExceptions when you call them. Confusingly, the exception message is This class does not support SAAJ 1.1, even though it supports SAAJ 1.1 just fine; it just doesn't support SAAJ 1.2. See alsothis BEA forum post.
Spring-WS has a workaround for this, we basically use SAAJ 1.1 only when dealing with WebLogic 9. Unfortunately, other frameworks which depend on SAAJ, such as XWSS, do not have this workaround. These frameworks happily call SAAJ 1.2 methods, which throw this exception.
The solution is to not use BEA's version of SAAJ, but to use another implementation, like the one from Axis 1, or SUN. In you application context, use the following:
<bean id="messageFactory" class="org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory"> <property name="messageFactory"> <bean class="com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.soap.MessageFactoryImpl"/> </property> </bean>
Weblogic 10 ships with two SAAJ implementations. By default the buggy 9.x implementation is used (which lives in the package weblogic.webservice.core.soap), but there is a new implementation, which supports SAAJ 1.3 (which lives in the package weblogic.xml.saaj). By looking at the DEBUG logging when Spring Web Services starts up, you can see which SAAJ implementation is used.
To use this new version, you have to create a message factory bean like so:
<bean id="messageFactory" class="org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory"> <property name="messageFactory"> <bean class="weblogic.xml.saaj.MessageFactoryImpl"/> </property> </bean>
The SAAJ implementation provided by JBoss has some issues. The solution is therefore not to use the JBoss implementation, but to use another implementation. For instance, you can use SUN's reference implementation like so:
<bean id="messageFactory" class="org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory"> <property name="messageFactory"> <bean class="com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.soap.ver1_1.SOAPMessageFactory1_1Impl"/> </property> </bean>
WebSphere bundles some libraries which are out-of-date, and need to be upgraded with more recent versions. Specifically, this includes XML-apis, Xerces, Xalan, and WSDL4J.
There are a couple of ways to upgrade these libraries, all using parent-last or application-first classloading.
The &WSDL query parameter is a way to get a WSDL of a class. In SWS, a service is generally not implemented as a single class, but as a collection of endpoints.
There are two ways to expose a WSDL: