org.springframework.web.servlet
Class ResourceServlet

java.lang.Object
  extended by javax.servlet.GenericServlet
      extended by javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
          extended by org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean
              extended by org.springframework.web.servlet.ResourceServlet
All Implemented Interfaces:
java.io.Serializable, javax.servlet.Servlet, javax.servlet.ServletConfig

public class ResourceServlet
extends HttpServletBean

Simple servlet that can expose an internal resource, including a default URL if the specified resource is not found. An alternative, for example, to trying and catching exceptions when using JSP include.

A further usage of this servlet is the ability to apply last-modified timestamps to quasi-static resources (typically JSPs). This can happen as bridge to parameter-specified resources, or as proxy for a specific target resource (or a list of specific target resources to combine).

A typical usage would map a URL like "/ResourceServlet" onto an instance of this servlet, and use the "JSP include" action to include this URL, with the "resource" parameter indicating the actual target path in the WAR.

The defaultUrl property can be set to the internal resource path of a default URL, to be rendered when the target resource is not found or not specified in the first place.

The "resource" parameter and the defaultUrl property can also specify a list of target resources to combine. Those resources will be included one by one to build the response. If last-modified determination is active, the newest timestamp among those files will be used.

The allowedResources property can be set to a URL pattern of resources that should be available via this servlet. If not set, any target resource can be requested, including resources in the WEB-INF directory!

If using this servlet for direct access rather than via includes, the contentType property should be specified to apply a proper content type. Note that a content type header in the target JSP will be ignored when including the resource via a RequestDispatcher include.

To apply last-modified timestamps for the target resource, set the applyLastModified property to true. This servlet will then return the file timestamp of the target resource as last-modified value, falling back to the startup time of this servlet if not retrievable.

Note that applying the last-modified timestamp in the above fashion just makes sense if the target resource does not generate content that depends on the HttpSession or cookies; it is just allowed to evaluate request parameters.

A typical case for such last-modified usage is a JSP that just makes minimal usage of basic means like includes or message resolution to build quasi-static content. Regenerating such content on every request is unnecessary; it can be cached as long as the file hasn't changed.

Note that this servlet will apply the last-modified timestamp if you tell it to do so: It's your decision whether the content of the target resource can be cached in such a fashion. Typical use cases are helper resources that are not fronted by a controller, like JavaScript files that are generated by a JSP (without depending on the HttpSession).

Author:
Juergen Hoeller, Rod Johnson
See Also:
setDefaultUrl(java.lang.String), setAllowedResources(java.lang.String), setApplyLastModified(boolean), Serialized Form

Field Summary
static java.lang.String RESOURCE_PARAM_NAME
          Name of the parameter that must contain the actual resource path.
static java.lang.String RESOURCE_URL_DELIMITERS
          Any number of these characters are considered delimiters between multiple resource paths in a single String value.
 
Fields inherited from class org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean
logger
 
Constructor Summary
ResourceServlet()
           
 
Method Summary
protected  java.lang.String determineResourceUrl(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request)
          Determine the URL of the target resource of this request.
protected  void doGet(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request, javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response)
          Determine the URL of the target resource and include it.
protected  long getFileTimestamp(java.lang.String resourceUrl)
          Return the file timestamp for the given resource.
protected  long getLastModified(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request)
          Return the last-modified timestamp of the file that corresponds to the target resource URL (i.e.
protected  PathMatcher getPathMatcher()
          Return a PathMatcher to use for matching the "allowedResources" URL pattern.
protected  void initServletBean()
          Remember the startup time, using no last-modified time before it.
 void setAllowedResources(java.lang.String allowedResources)
          Set allowed resources as URL pattern, e.g.
 void setApplyLastModified(boolean applyLastModified)
          Set whether to apply the file timestamp of the target resource as last-modified value.
 void setContentType(java.lang.String contentType)
          Set the content type of the target resource (typically a JSP).
 void setDefaultUrl(java.lang.String defaultUrl)
          Set the URL within the current web application from which to include content if the requested path isn't found, or if none is specified in the first place.
 
Methods inherited from class org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean
addRequiredProperty, getServletContext, getServletName, init, initBeanWrapper
 
Methods inherited from class javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
doDelete, doHead, doOptions, doPost, doPut, doTrace, service, service
 
Methods inherited from class javax.servlet.GenericServlet
destroy, getInitParameter, getInitParameterNames, getServletConfig, getServletInfo, init, log, log
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

RESOURCE_URL_DELIMITERS

public static final java.lang.String RESOURCE_URL_DELIMITERS
Any number of these characters are considered delimiters between multiple resource paths in a single String value.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

RESOURCE_PARAM_NAME

public static final java.lang.String RESOURCE_PARAM_NAME
Name of the parameter that must contain the actual resource path.

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Constructor Detail

ResourceServlet

public ResourceServlet()
Method Detail

setDefaultUrl

public void setDefaultUrl(java.lang.String defaultUrl)
Set the URL within the current web application from which to include content if the requested path isn't found, or if none is specified in the first place.

If specifying multiple URLs, they will be included one by one to build the response. If last-modified determination is active, the newest timestamp among those files will be used.

See Also:
setApplyLastModified(boolean)

setAllowedResources

public void setAllowedResources(java.lang.String allowedResources)
Set allowed resources as URL pattern, e.g. "/WEB-INF/res/*.jsp", The parameter can be any Ant-style pattern parsable by AntPathMatcher.

See Also:
AntPathMatcher

setContentType

public void setContentType(java.lang.String contentType)
Set the content type of the target resource (typically a JSP). Default is none, which is appropriate when including resources.

For directly accessing resources, for example to leverage this servlet's last-modified support, specify a content type here. Note that a content type header in the target JSP will be ignored when including the resource via a RequestDispatcher include.


setApplyLastModified

public void setApplyLastModified(boolean applyLastModified)
Set whether to apply the file timestamp of the target resource as last-modified value. Default is "false".

This is mainly intended for JSP targets that don't generate session-specific or database-driven content: Such files can be cached by the browser as long as the last-modified timestamp of the JSP file doesn't change.

This will only work correctly with expanded WAR files that allow access to the file timestamps. Else, the startup time of this servlet is returned.


initServletBean

protected void initServletBean()
Remember the startup time, using no last-modified time before it.

Overrides:
initServletBean in class HttpServletBean

getPathMatcher

protected PathMatcher getPathMatcher()
Return a PathMatcher to use for matching the "allowedResources" URL pattern. Default is AntPathMatcher.

See Also:
setAllowedResources(java.lang.String), AntPathMatcher

doGet

protected final void doGet(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request,
                           javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response)
                    throws javax.servlet.ServletException,
                           java.io.IOException
Determine the URL of the target resource and include it.

Overrides:
doGet in class javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException
java.io.IOException
See Also:
determineResourceUrl(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest)

determineResourceUrl

protected java.lang.String determineResourceUrl(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request)
Determine the URL of the target resource of this request.

Default implementation returns the value of the "resource" parameter. Can be overridden in subclasses.

Parameters:
request - current HTTP request
Returns:
the URL of the target resource, or null if none found
See Also:
RESOURCE_PARAM_NAME

getLastModified

protected final long getLastModified(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request)
Return the last-modified timestamp of the file that corresponds to the target resource URL (i.e. typically the request ".jsp" file). Will simply return -1 if "applyLastModified" is false (the default).

Returns no last-modified date before the startup time of this servlet, to allow for message resolution etc that influences JSP contents, assuming that those background resources might have changed on restart.

Returns the startup time of this servlet if the file that corresponds to the target resource URL coudln't be resolved (for example, because the WAR is not expanded).

Overrides:
getLastModified in class javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
See Also:
determineResourceUrl(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest), getFileTimestamp(java.lang.String)

getFileTimestamp

protected long getFileTimestamp(java.lang.String resourceUrl)
Return the file timestamp for the given resource.

Parameters:
resourceUrl - the URL of the resource
Returns:
the file timestamp in milliseconds, or -1 if not determinable