Mistral AI Chat

Spring AI supports the various AI language models from Mistral AI. You can interact with Mistral AI language models and create a multilingual conversational assistant based on Mistral models.

Prerequisites

You will need to create an API with MistralAI to access Mistral AI language models. Create an account at MistralAI registration page and generate the token on the API Keys page. The Spring AI project defines a configuration property named spring.ai.mistralai.api-key that you should set to the value of the API Key obtained from console.mistral.ai. Exporting an environment variable is one way to set that configuration property:

export SPRING_AI_MISTRALAI_API_KEY=<INSERT KEY HERE>

Add Repositories and BOM

Spring AI artifacts are published in Spring Milestone and Snapshot repositories. Refer to the Repositories section to add these repositories to your build system.

To help with dependency management, Spring AI provides a BOM (bill of materials) to ensure that a consistent version of Spring AI is used throughout the entire project. Refer to the Dependency Management section to add the Spring AI BOM to your build system.

Auto-configuration

Spring AI provides Spring Boot auto-configuration for the MistralAI Chat Client. To enable it add the following dependency to your project’s Maven pom.xml file:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.ai</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-ai-mistral-ai-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
</dependency>

or to your Gradle build.gradle build file.

dependencies {
    implementation 'org.springframework.ai:spring-ai-mistral-ai-spring-boot-starter'
}
Refer to the Dependency Management section to add the Spring AI BOM to your build file.

Chat Properties

Retry Properties

The prefix spring.ai.retry is used as the property prefix that lets you configure the retry mechanism for the Mistral AI Chat client.

Property Description Default

spring.ai.retry.max-attempts

Maximum number of retry attempts.

10

spring.ai.retry.backoff.initial-interval

Initial sleep duration for the exponential backoff policy.

2 sec.

spring.ai.retry.backoff.multiplier

Backoff interval multiplier.

5

spring.ai.retry.backoff.max-interval

Maximum backoff duration.

3 min.

spring.ai.retry.on-client-errors

If false, throw a NonTransientAiException, and do not attempt retry for 4xx client error codes

false

spring.ai.retry.exclude-on-http-codes

List of HTTP status codes that should not trigger a retry (e.g. to throw NonTransientAiException).

empty

Connection Properties

The prefix spring.ai.mistralai is used as the property prefix that lets you connect to OpenAI.

Property Description Default

spring.ai.mistralai.base-url

The URL to connect to

api.mistral.ai

spring.ai.mistralai.api-key

The API Key

-

Configuration Properties

The prefix spring.ai.mistralai.chat is the property prefix that lets you configure the chat client implementation for MistralAI.

Property Description Default

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.enabled

Enable MistralAI chat client.

true

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.base-url

Optional overrides the spring.ai.mistralai.base-url to provide chat specific url

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.api-key

Optional overrides the spring.ai.mistralai.api-key to provide chat specific api-key

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.model

This is the MistralAI Chat model to use

open-mistral-7b, open-mixtral-8x7b, mistral-small-latest, mistral-medium-latest, mistral-large-latest

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.temperature

The sampling temperature to use that controls the apparent creativity of generated completions. Higher values will make output more random while lower values will make results more focused and deterministic. It is not recommended to modify temperature and top_p for the same completions request as the interaction of these two settings is difficult to predict.

0.8

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.maxTokens

The maximum number of tokens to generate in the chat completion. The total length of input tokens and generated tokens is limited by the model’s context length.

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.safePrompt

Indicates whether to inject a security prompt before all conversations.

false

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.randomSeed

This feature is in Beta. If specified, our system will make a best effort to sample deterministically, such that repeated requests with the same seed and parameters should return the same result.

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.stop

Up to 4 sequences where the API will stop generating further tokens.

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.topP

An alternative to sampling with temperature, called nucleus sampling, where the model considers the results of the tokens with top_p probability mass. So 0.1 means only the tokens comprising the top 10% probability mass are considered. We generally recommend altering this or temperature but not both.

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.responseFormat

An object specifying the format that the model must output. Setting to { "type": "json_object" } enables JSON mode, which guarantees the message the model generates is valid JSON.

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.tools

A list of tools the model may call. Currently, only functions are supported as a tool. Use this to provide a list of functions the model may generate JSON inputs for.

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.toolChoice

Controls which (if any) function is called by the model. none means the model will not call a function and instead generates a message. auto means the model can pick between generating a message or calling a function. Specifying a particular function via {"type: "function", "function": {"name": "my_function"}} forces the model to call that function. none is the default when no functions are present. auto is the default if functions are present.

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.functions

List of functions, identified by their names, to enable for function calling in a single prompt requests. Functions with those names must exist in the functionCallbacks registry.

-

spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.functionCallbacks

MistralAI Tool Function Callbacks to register with the ChatClient.

-

You can override the common spring.ai.mistralai.base-url and spring.ai.mistralai.api-key for the ChatClient and EmbeddingClient implementations. The spring.ai.mistralai.chat.base-url and spring.ai.mistralai.chat.api-key properties if set take precedence over the common properties. This is useful if you want to use different MistralAI accounts for different models and different model endpoints.
All properties prefixed with spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options can be overridden at runtime by adding a request specific Chat Options to the Prompt call.

Chat Options

The MistralAiChatOptions.java provides model configurations, such as the model to use, the temperature, the frequency penalty, etc.

On start-up, the default options can be configured with the MistralAiChatClient(api, options) constructor or the spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.* properties.

At run-time you can override the default options by adding new, request specific, options to the Prompt call. For example to override the default model and temperature for a specific request:

ChatResponse response = chatClient.call(
    new Prompt(
        "Generate the names of 5 famous pirates.",
        MistralAiChatOptions.builder()
            .withModel(MistralAiApi.ChatModel.LARGE.getValue())
            .withTemperature(0.5f)
        .build()
    ));
In addition to the model specific MistralAiChatOptions you can use a portable ChatOptions instance, created with the ChatOptionsBuilder#builder().

Sample Controller (Auto-configuration)

Create a new Spring Boot project and add the spring-ai-mistralai-spring-boot-starter to your pom (or gradle) dependencies.

Add a application.properties file, under the src/main/resources directory, to enable and configure the OpenAi Chat client:

spring.ai.mistralai.api-key=YOUR_API_KEY
spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.model=mistral-medium
spring.ai.mistralai.chat.options.temperature=0.7
replace the api-key with your OpenAI credentials.

This will create a MistralAiChatClient implementation that you can inject into your class. Here is an example of a simple @Controller class that uses the chat client for text generations.

@RestController
public class ChatController {

    private final MistralAiChatClient chatClient;

    @Autowired
    public ChatController(MistralAiChatClient chatClient) {
        this.chatClient = chatClient;
    }

    @GetMapping("/ai/generate")
    public Map generate(@RequestParam(value = "message", defaultValue = "Tell me a joke") String message) {
        return Map.of("generation", chatClient.call(message));
    }

    @GetMapping("/ai/generateStream")
	public Flux<ChatResponse> generateStream(@RequestParam(value = "message", defaultValue = "Tell me a joke") String message) {
        var prompt = new Prompt(new UserMessage(message));
        return chatClient.stream(prompt);
    }
}

Manual Configuration

The MistralAiChatClient implements the ChatClient and StreamingChatClient and uses the Low-level MistralAiApi Client to connect to the MistralAI service.

Add the spring-ai-mistralai dependency to your project’s Maven pom.xml file:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.ai</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-ai-mistralai</artifactId>
</dependency>

or to your Gradle build.gradle build file.

dependencies {
    implementation 'org.springframework.ai:spring-ai-mistralai'
}
Refer to the Dependency Management section to add the Spring AI BOM to your build file.

Next, create a MistralAiChatClient and use it for text generations:

var mistralAiApi = new MistralAiApi(System.getenv("MISTRAL_AI_API_KEY"));

var chatClient = new MistralAiChatClient(mistralAiApi, MistralAiChatOptions.builder()
                .withModel(MistralAiApi.ChatModel.LARGE.getValue())
                .withTemperature(0.4f)
                .withMaxToken(200)
                .build());

ChatResponse response = chatClient.call(
    new Prompt("Generate the names of 5 famous pirates."));

// Or with streaming responses
Flux<ChatResponse> response = chatClient.stream(
    new Prompt("Generate the names of 5 famous pirates."));

The MistralAiChatOptions provides the configuration information for the chat requests. The MistralAiChatOptions.Builder is fluent options builder.

Low-level MistralAiApi Client

The MistralAiApi provides is lightweight Java client for Mistral AI API.

Here is a simple snippet how to use the api programmatically:

MistralAiApi mistralAiApi =
    new MistralAiApi(System.getenv("MISTRAL_AI_API_KEY"));

ChatCompletionMessage chatCompletionMessage =
    new ChatCompletionMessage("Hello world", Role.USER);

// Sync request
ResponseEntity<ChatCompletion> response = mistralAiApi.chatCompletionEntity(
    new ChatCompletionRequest(List.of(chatCompletionMessage), MistralAiApi.ChatModel.LARGE.getValue(), 0.8f, false));

// Streaming request
Flux<ChatCompletionChunk> streamResponse = mistralAiApi.chatCompletionStream(
        new ChatCompletionRequest(List.of(chatCompletionMessage), MistralAiApi.ChatModel.LARGE.getValue(), 0.8f, true));

Follow the MistralAiApi.java's JavaDoc for further information.

MistralAiApi Samples