What’s New in Spring Batch 4.3

This release comes with a number of new features, performance improvements, dependency updates and API deprecations. This section describes the most important changes. For a complete list of changes, please refer to the release notes.

New features

New synchronized ItemStreamWriter

Similar to the SynchronizedItemStreamReader, this release introduces a SynchronizedItemStreamWriter. This feature is useful in multi-threaded steps where concurrent threads need to be synchronized to not override each other’s writes.

New JpaQueryProvider for named queries

This release introduces a new JpaNamedQueryProvider next to the JpaNativeQueryProvider to ease the configuration of JPA named queries when using the JpaPagingItemReader:

JpaPagingItemReader<Foo> reader = new JpaPagingItemReaderBuilder<Foo>()
   .queryProvider(new JpaNamedQueryProvider("allFoos", Foo.class))
   // set other properties on the reader

New JpaCursorItemReader Implementation

JPA 2.2 added the ability to stream results as a cursor instead of only paging. This release introduces a new JPA item reader that uses this feature to stream results in a cursor-based fashion similar to the JdbcCursorItemReader and HibernateCursorItemReader.

New JobParametersIncrementer implementation

Similar to the RunIdIncrementer, this release adds a new JobParametersIncrementer that is based on a DataFieldMaxValueIncrementer from Spring Framework.

GraalVM Support

This release adds initial support to run Spring Batch applications on GraalVM. The support is still experimental and will be improved in future releases.

Java records Support

This release adds support to use Java records as items in chunk-oriented steps. The newly added RecordFieldSetMapper supports data mapping from flat files to Java records, as shown in the following example:

public FlatFileItemReader<Person> itemReader() {
	return new FlatFileItemReaderBuilder<Person>()
			.resource(new FileSystemResource("persons.csv"))
			.names("id", "name")
			.fieldSetMapper(new RecordFieldSetMapper<>(Person.class))

In this example, the Person type is a Java record defined as follows:

public record Person(int id, String name) { }

The FlatFileItemReader uses the new RecordFieldSetMapper to map data from the persons.csv file to records of type Person.

Performance improvements

Use bulk writes in RepositoryItemWriter

Up to version 4.2, in order to use CrudRepository#saveAll in RepositoryItemWriter, it was required to extend the writer and override write(List).

In this release, the RepositoryItemWriter has been updated to use CrudRepository#saveAll by default.

Use bulk writes in MongoItemWriter

The MongoItemWriter used MongoOperations#save() in a for loop to save items to the database. In this release, this writer has been updated to use org.springframework.data.mongodb.core.BulkOperations instead.

Job start/restart time improvement

The implementation of JobRepository#getStepExecutionCount() used to load all job executions and step executions in-memory to do the count on the framework side. In this release, the implementation has been changed to do a single call to the database with a SQL count query in order to count step executions.

Dependency updates

This release updates dependent Spring projects to the following versions:

  • Spring Framework 5.3

  • Spring Data 2020.0

  • Spring Integration 5.4

  • Spring AMQP 2.3

  • Spring for Apache Kafka 2.6

  • Micrometer 1.5


API deprecation

The following is a list of APIs that have been deprecated in this release:

  • org.springframework.batch.core.repository.support.MapJobRepositoryFactoryBean

  • org.springframework.batch.core.explore.support.MapJobExplorerFactoryBean

  • org.springframework.batch.core.repository.dao.MapJobInstanceDao

  • org.springframework.batch.core.repository.dao.MapJobExecutionDao

  • org.springframework.batch.core.repository.dao.MapStepExecutionDao

  • org.springframework.batch.core.repository.dao.MapExecutionContextDao

  • org.springframework.batch.item.data.AbstractNeo4jItemReader

  • org.springframework.batch.item.file.transform.Alignment

  • org.springframework.batch.item.xml.StaxUtils

  • org.springframework.batch.core.launch.support.ScheduledJobParametersFactory

  • org.springframework.batch.item.file.MultiResourceItemReader#getCurrentResource()

  • org.springframework.batch.core.JobExecution#stop()

Suggested replacements can be found in the Javadoc of each deprecated API.

SQLFire support deprecation

SQLFire has been in EOL since November 1st, 2014. This release deprecates the support of using SQLFire as a job repository and schedules it for removal in version 5.0.