40. Quartz Scheduler

Spring Boot offers several conveniences for working with the Quartz scheduler, including the spring-boot-starter-quartz “Starter”. If Quartz is available, a Scheduler is auto-configured (through the SchedulerFactoryBean abstraction).

Beans of the following types are automatically picked up and associated with the Scheduler:

By default, an in-memory JobStore is used. However, it is possible to configure a JDBC-based store if a DataSource bean is available in your application and if the spring.quartz.job-store-type property is configured accordingly, as shown in the following example:


When the JDBC store is used, the schema can be initialized on startup, as shown in the following example:


By default, the database is detected and initialized by using the standard scripts provided with the Quartz library. These scripts drop existing tables, deleting all triggers on every restart. It is also possible to provide a custom script by setting the spring.quartz.jdbc.schema property.

To have Quartz use a DataSource other than the application’s main DataSource, declare a DataSource bean, annotating its @Bean method with @QuartzDataSource. Doing so ensures that the Quartz-specific DataSource is used by both the SchedulerFactoryBean and for schema initialization.

Quartz Scheduler configuration can be customized by using Quartz configuration properties ()spring.quartz.properties.*) and SchedulerFactoryBeanCustomizer beans, which allow programmatic SchedulerFactoryBean customization.


In particular, an Executor bean is not associated with the scheduler as Quartz offers a way to configure the scheduler via spring.quartz.properties. If you need to customize the task executor, consider implementing SchedulerFactoryBeanCustomizer.

Jobs can define setters to inject data map properties. Regular beans can also be injected in a similar manner, as shown in the following example:

public class SampleJob extends QuartzJobBean {

	private MyService myService;

	private String name;

	// Inject "MyService" bean
	public void setMyService(MyService myService) { ... }

	// Inject the "name" job data property
	public void setName(String name) { ... }

	protected void executeInternal(JobExecutionContext context)
			throws JobExecutionException {