Class TransactionProxyFactoryBean

All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Aware, BeanClassLoaderAware, BeanFactoryAware, FactoryBean<Object>, InitializingBean

public class TransactionProxyFactoryBean extends AbstractSingletonProxyFactoryBean implements BeanFactoryAware
Proxy factory bean for simplified declarative transaction handling. This is a convenient alternative to a standard AOP ProxyFactoryBean with a separate TransactionInterceptor definition.

HISTORICAL NOTE: This class was originally designed to cover the typical case of declarative transaction demarcation: namely, wrapping a singleton target object with a transactional proxy, proxying all the interfaces that the target implements. However, in Spring versions 2.0 and beyond, the functionality provided here is superseded by the more convenient tx: XML namespace. See the declarative transaction management section of the Spring reference documentation to understand modern options for managing transactions in Spring applications. For these reasons, users should favor the tx: XML namespace as well as the @Transactional and @EnableTransactionManagement annotations.

There are three main properties that need to be specified:

  • "transactionManager": the PlatformTransactionManager implementation to use (for example, a JtaTransactionManager instance)
  • "target": the target object that a transactional proxy should be created for
  • "transactionAttributes": the transaction attributes (for example, propagation behavior and "readOnly" flag) per target method name (or method name pattern)

If the "transactionManager" property is not set explicitly and this FactoryBean is running in a ListableBeanFactory, a single matching bean of type PlatformTransactionManager will be fetched from the BeanFactory.

In contrast to TransactionInterceptor, the transaction attributes are specified as properties, with method names as keys and transaction attribute descriptors as values. Method names are always applied to the target class.

Internally, a TransactionInterceptor instance is used, but the user of this class does not have to care. Optionally, a method pointcut can be specified to cause conditional invocation of the underlying TransactionInterceptor.

The "preInterceptors" and "postInterceptors" properties can be set to add additional interceptors to the mix, like PerformanceMonitorInterceptor.

HINT: This class is often used with parent / child bean definitions. Typically, you will define the transaction manager and default transaction attributes (for method name patterns) in an abstract parent bean definition, deriving concrete child bean definitions for specific target objects. This reduces the per-bean definition effort to a minimum.

 <bean id="baseTransactionProxy" class="org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionProxyFactoryBean"
   <property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager"/>
   <property name="transactionAttributes">
       <prop key="insert*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
       <prop key="update*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
       <prop key="*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,readOnly</prop>

 <bean id="myProxy" parent="baseTransactionProxy">
   <property name="target" ref="myTarget"/>

 <bean id="yourProxy" parent="baseTransactionProxy">
   <property name="target" ref="yourTarget"/>
Juergen Hoeller, Dmitriy Kopylenko, Rod Johnson, Chris Beams
See Also: