Class DataSourceTransactionManager

All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, InitializingBean, PlatformTransactionManager, ResourceTransactionManager, TransactionManager
Direct Known Subclasses:

public class DataSourceTransactionManager extends AbstractPlatformTransactionManager implements ResourceTransactionManager, InitializingBean
PlatformTransactionManager implementation for a single JDBC DataSource. This class is capable of working in any environment with any JDBC driver, as long as the setup uses a javax.sql.DataSource as its Connection factory mechanism. Binds a JDBC Connection from the specified DataSource to the current thread, potentially allowing for one thread-bound Connection per DataSource.

Note: The DataSource that this transaction manager operates on needs to return independent Connections. The Connections may come from a pool (the typical case), but the DataSource must not return thread-scoped / request-scoped Connections or the like. This transaction manager will associate Connections with thread-bound transactions itself, according to the specified propagation behavior. It assumes that a separate, independent Connection can be obtained even during an ongoing transaction.

Application code is required to retrieve the JDBC Connection via DataSourceUtils.getConnection(DataSource) instead of a standard Jakarta EE-style DataSource.getConnection() call. Spring classes such as JdbcTemplate use this strategy implicitly. If not used in combination with this transaction manager, the DataSourceUtils lookup strategy behaves exactly like the native DataSource lookup; it can thus be used in a portable fashion.

Alternatively, you can allow application code to work with the standard Jakarta EE-style lookup pattern DataSource.getConnection(), for example for legacy code that is not aware of Spring at all. In that case, define a TransactionAwareDataSourceProxy for your target DataSource, and pass that proxy DataSource to your DAOs, which will automatically participate in Spring-managed transactions when accessing it.

Supports custom isolation levels, and timeouts which get applied as appropriate JDBC statement timeouts. To support the latter, application code must either use JdbcTemplate, call DataSourceUtils.applyTransactionTimeout(java.sql.Statement, javax.sql.DataSource) for each created JDBC Statement, or go through a TransactionAwareDataSourceProxy which will create timeout-aware JDBC Connections and Statements automatically.

Consider defining a LazyConnectionDataSourceProxy for your target DataSource, pointing both this transaction manager and your DAOs to it. This will lead to optimized handling of "empty" transactions, i.e. of transactions without any JDBC statements executed. A LazyConnectionDataSourceProxy will not fetch an actual JDBC Connection from the target DataSource until a Statement gets executed, lazily applying the specified transaction settings to the target Connection.

This transaction manager supports nested transactions via the JDBC 3.0 Savepoint mechanism. The "nestedTransactionAllowed" flag defaults to "true", since nested transactions will work without restrictions on JDBC drivers that support savepoints (such as the Oracle JDBC driver).

This transaction manager can be used as a replacement for the JtaTransactionManager in the single resource case, as it does not require a container that supports JTA, typically in combination with a locally defined JDBC DataSource (e.g. an Apache Commons DBCP connection pool). Switching between this local strategy and a JTA environment is just a matter of configuration!

As of 4.3.4, this transaction manager triggers flush callbacks on registered transaction synchronizations (if synchronization is generally active), assuming resources operating on the underlying JDBC Connection. This allows for setup analogous to JtaTransactionManager, in particular with respect to lazily registered ORM resources (e.g. a Hibernate Session).

NOTE: As of 5.3, JdbcTransactionManager is available as an extended subclass which includes commit/rollback exception translation, aligned with JdbcTemplate.

Juergen Hoeller
See Also: