Class PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

All Implemented Interfaces:
ResourceLoader, ResourcePatternResolver
Direct Known Subclasses:

public class PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver extends Object implements ResourcePatternResolver
A ResourcePatternResolver implementation that is able to resolve a specified resource location path into one or more matching Resources. The source path may be a simple path which has a one-to-one mapping to a target Resource, or alternatively may contain the special "classpath*:" prefix and/or internal Ant-style regular expressions (matched using Spring's AntPathMatcher utility). Both of the latter are effectively wildcards.

No Wildcards:

In the simple case, if the specified location path does not start with the "classpath*:" prefix, and does not contain a PathMatcher pattern, this resolver will simply return a single resource via a getResource() call on the underlying ResourceLoader. Examples are real URLs such as "file:C:/context.xml", pseudo-URLs such as "classpath:/context.xml", and simple unprefixed paths such as "/WEB-INF/context.xml". The latter will resolve in a fashion specific to the underlying ResourceLoader (e.g. ServletContextResource for a WebApplicationContext).

Ant-style Patterns:

When the path location contains an Ant-style pattern, e.g.:

the resolver follows a more complex but defined procedure to try to resolve the wildcard. It produces a Resource for the path up to the last non-wildcard segment and obtains a URL from it. If this URL is not a "jar:" URL or container-specific variant (e.g. "zip:" in WebLogic, "wsjar" in WebSphere", etc.), then the root directory of the filesystem associated with the URL is obtained and used to resolve the wildcards by walking the filesystem. In the case of a jar URL, the resolver either gets a from it, or manually parses the jar URL, and then traverses the contents of the jar file, to resolve the wildcards.

Implications on portability:

If the specified path is already a file URL (either explicitly, or implicitly because the base ResourceLoader is a filesystem one), then wildcarding is guaranteed to work in a completely portable fashion.

If the specified path is a classpath location, then the resolver must obtain the last non-wildcard path segment URL via a Classloader.getResource() call. Since this is just a node of the path (not the file at the end) it is actually undefined (in the ClassLoader Javadocs) exactly what sort of URL is returned in this case. In practice, it is usually a representing the directory, where the classpath resource resolves to a filesystem location, or a jar URL of some sort, where the classpath resource resolves to a jar location. Still, there is a portability concern on this operation.

If a jar URL is obtained for the last non-wildcard segment, the resolver must be able to get a from it, or manually parse the jar URL, to be able to walk the contents of the jar, and resolve the wildcard. This will work in most environments, but will fail in others, and it is strongly recommended that the wildcard resolution of resources coming from jars be thoroughly tested in your specific environment before you rely on it.

classpath*: Prefix:

There is special support for retrieving multiple class path resources with the same name, via the "classpath*:" prefix. For example, "classpath*:META-INF/beans.xml" will find all "META-INF/beans.xml" files in the class path, be it in "classes" directories or in JAR files. This is particularly useful for autodetecting config files of the same name at the same location within each jar file. Internally, this happens via a ClassLoader.getResources() call, and is completely portable.

The "classpath*:" prefix can also be combined with a PathMatcher pattern in the rest of the location path, for example "classpath*:META-INF/*-beans.xml". In this case, the resolution strategy is fairly simple: a ClassLoader.getResources() call is used on the last non-wildcard path segment to get all the matching resources in the class loader hierarchy, and then off each resource the same PathMatcher resolution strategy described above is used for the wildcard sub pattern.

Other notes:

As of Spring Framework 6.0, if getResources(String) is invoked with a location pattern using the "classpath*:" prefix it will first search all modules in the boot layer, excluding system modules. It will then search the classpath using ClassLoader APIs as described previously and return the combined results. Consequently, some of the limitations of classpath searches may not apply when applications are deployed as modules.

WARNING: Note that "classpath*:" when combined with Ant-style patterns will only work reliably with at least one root directory before the pattern starts, unless the actual target files reside in the file system. This means that a pattern like "classpath*:*.xml" will not retrieve files from the root of jar files but rather only from the root of expanded directories. This originates from a limitation in the JDK's ClassLoader.getResources() method which only returns file system locations for a passed-in empty String (indicating potential roots to search). This ResourcePatternResolver implementation is trying to mitigate the jar root lookup limitation through URLClassLoader introspection and "java.class.path" manifest evaluation; however, without portability guarantees.

WARNING: Ant-style patterns with "classpath:" resources are not guaranteed to find matching resources if the root package to search is available in multiple class path locations. This is because a resource such as

may be in only one location, but when a path such as
is used to try to resolve it, the resolver will work off the (first) URL returned by getResource("com/mycompany");. If this base package node exists in multiple classloader locations, the actual end resource may not be underneath. Therefore, preferably, use "classpath*:" with the same Ant-style pattern in such a case, which will search all class path locations that contain the root package.
Juergen Hoeller, Colin Sampaleanu, Marius Bogoevici, Costin Leau, Phillip Webb, Sam Brannen, Sebastien Deleuze, Dave Syer
See Also:
  • Constructor Details

    • PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

      public PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver()
      Create a new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver with a DefaultResourceLoader.

      ClassLoader access will happen via the thread context class loader.

      See Also:
    • PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

      public PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver(ResourceLoader resourceLoader)
      Create a new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver.

      ClassLoader access will happen via the thread context class loader.

      resourceLoader - the ResourceLoader to load root directories and actual resources with
    • PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver

      public PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver(@Nullable ClassLoader classLoader)
      Create a new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver with a DefaultResourceLoader.
      classLoader - the ClassLoader to load classpath resources with, or null for using the thread context class loader at the time of actual resource access
      See Also:
  • Method Details