30. SFTP Adapters

Spring Integration provides support for file transfer operations over SFTP.

The Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) is a network protocol that lets you transfer files between two computers on the Internet over any reliable stream.

The SFTP protocol requires a secure channel, such as SSH, and visibility to a client’s identity throughout the SFTP session.

Spring Integration supports sending and receiving files over SFTP by providing three client side endpoints: inbound channel adapter, outbound channel adapter, and outbound gateway. It also provides convenient namespace configuration to define these client components.

You need to include this dependency into your project:

Maven. 

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.integration</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-integration-sftp</artifactId>
    <version>5.1.3.BUILD-SNAPSHOT</version>
</dependency>

Gradle. 

compile "org.springframework.integration:spring-integration-sftp:5.1.3.BUILD-SNAPSHOT"

To include the SFTP namespace in your xml configuration, include the following attributes on the root element:

xmlns:int-sftp="http://www.springframework.org/schema/integration/sftp"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/integration/sftp
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/integration/sftp/spring-integration-sftp.xsd"

30.1 SFTP Session Factory

[Important]Important

As of version 3.0, sessions are no longer cached by default. See Section 30.4, “SFTP Session Caching”.

Before configuring SFTP adapters, you must configure an SFTP session factory. You can configure the SFTP session factory with a regular bean definition, as the following example shows:

<beans:bean id="sftpSessionFactory"
    class="org.springframework.integration.sftp.session.DefaultSftpSessionFactory">
    <beans:property name="host" value="localhost"/>
    <beans:property name="privateKey" value="classpath:META-INF/keys/sftpTest"/>
    <beans:property name="privateKeyPassphrase" value="springIntegration"/>
    <beans:property name="port" value="22"/>
    <beans:property name="user" value="kermit"/>
</beans:bean>

Every time an adapter requests a session object from its SessionFactory, a new SFTP session is created. Under the covers, the SFTP Session Factory relies on the JSch library to provide the SFTP capabilities.

However, Spring Integration also supports the caching of SFTP sessions. See Section 30.4, “SFTP Session Caching” for more information.

[Important]Important

JSch supports multiple channels (operations) over a connection to the server. By default, the Spring Integration session factory uses a separate physical connection for each channel. Since Spring Integration 3.0, you can configure the session factory (using a boolean constructor arg - default false) to use a single connection to the server and create multiple JSch channels on that single connection.

When using this feature, you must wrap the session factory in a caching session factory, as described later, so that the connection is not physically closed when an operation completes.

If the cache is reset, the session is disconnected only when the last channel is closed.

The connection is refreshed if it is found to be disconnected when a new operation obtains a session.

[Note]Note

If you experience connectivity problems and would like to trace session creation and see which sessions are polled, you may enable tracing by setting the logger to TRACE level (for example, log4j.category.org.springframework.integration.sftp=TRACE). See Section 30.12, “SFTP/JSCH Logging”.

Now all you need to do is inject this SFTP session factory into your adapters.

[Note]Note

A more practical way to provide values for the SFTP session factory is to use Spring’s property placeholder support.

30.1.1 Configuration Properties

The following list describes all the properties that are exposed by the DefaultSftpSessionFactory.

isSharedSession (constructor argument)::When true, a single connection is used, and JSch Channels are multiplexed. It defaults to false.

clientVersion::Lets you set the client version property. It’s default depends on the underlying JSch version but it will look like:_SSH-2.0-JSCH-0.1.45_

enableDaemonThread::If true, all threads are daemon threads. If set to false, normal non-daemon threads are used instead. This property is set on the underlying session. There, this property defaults to false.

host::The URL of the host to which you want to connect. Required.

hostKeyAlias::Sets the host key alias, which is used when comparing the host key to the known hosts list.

knownHosts::Specifies the filename that used for a host key repository. The file has the same format as OpenSSH’s known_hosts file and is required and must be pre-populated if allowUnknownKeys is false.

password::The password to authenticate against the remote host. If a password is not provided, then the privateKey property is required. It is not allowed if you set userInfo. The password is obtained from that object.

port::The port over which the SFTP connection shall be established. If not specified, this value defaults to 22. If specified, this properties must be a positive number.

privateKey::Lets you set a resource that represents the location of the private key used for authenticating against the remote host. If the privateKey is not provided, then the password property is required.

privateKeyPassphrase::The password for the private key. If you set userInfo, privateKeyPassphrase is not allowed . The passphrase is obtained from that object. Optional.

proxy::Allows for specifying a JSch-based proxy. If set, the proxy object is used to create the connection to the remote host through the proxy. See Section 30.2, “Proxy Factory Bean” for a convenient way to configure the proxy.

serverAliveCountMax::Specifies the number of server-alive messages, which are sent without any reply from the server before disconnecting. If not set, this property defaults to 1.

serverAliveInterval::Sets the timeout interval (in milliseconds) before a server-alive message is sent, in case no message is received from the server.

sessionConfig::By using Properties, you can set additional configuration setting on the underlying JSch Session.

socketFactory:Lets you pass in a SocketFactory. The socket factory is used to create a socket to the target host. When a proxy is used, the socket factory is passed to the proxy. By default, plain TCP sockets are used.

timeout::The timeout property is used as the socket timeout parameter, as well as the default connection timeout. Defaults to 0, which means, that no timeout will occur.

user::The remote user to use. Required.

allowUnknownKeys::Set to true to allow connections to hosts with unknown (or changed) keys. Its default is false. It is applied only if no userInfo is provided. If false, a pre-populated knownHosts file is required.

userInfo::Set a custom UserInfo to be used during authentication. In particular, promptYesNo() is invoked when an unknown (or changed) host key is received. See also allowUnknownKeys. When you provide a UserInfo, the password and private key passphrase are obtained from it, and you cannot set discrete password and privateKeyPassprase properties.

30.2 Proxy Factory Bean

Jsch provides a mechanism to connect to the server over an HTTP or SOCKS proxy. To use this feature, configure the Proxy and provide a reference to the DefaultSftpSessionFactory, as discussed earlier. Three implementations are provided by Jsch: HTTP, SOCKS4, and SOCKS5. Spring Integration 4.3 introduced a FactoryBean, easing configuration of these proxies by allowing property injection, as the following example shows:

<bean id="proxySocks5" class="org.springframework.integration.sftp.session.JschProxyFactoryBean">
    <constructor-arg value="SOCKS5" />
    <constructor-arg value="${sftp.proxy.address}" />
    <constructor-arg value="${sftp.proxy.port}" />
    <constructor-arg value="${sftp.proxy.user}" />
    <constructor-arg value="${sftp.proxy.pw}" />
</bean>

<bean id="sessionFactory"
          class="org.springframework.integration.sftp.session.DefaultSftpSessionFactory" >
    ...
    <property name="proxy" ref="proxySocks5" />
    ...
</bean>

30.3 Delegating Session Factory

Version 4.2 introduced the DelegatingSessionFactory, which allows the selection of the actual session factory at runtime. Prior to invoking the FTP endpoint, you can call setThreadKey() on the factory to associate a key with the current thread. That key is then used to look up the actual session factory to be used. You can clear the key by calling clearThreadKey() after use.

We added convenience methods so that you can more easily do so from a message flow, as the following example shows:

<bean id="dsf" class="org.springframework.integration.file.remote.session.DelegatingSessionFactory">
    <constructor-arg>
        <bean class="o.s.i.file.remote.session.DefaultSessionFactoryLocator">
            <!-- delegate factories here -->
        </bean>
    </constructor-arg>
</bean>

<int:service-activator input-channel="in" output-channel="c1"
        expression="@dsf.setThreadKey(#root, headers['factoryToUse'])" />

<int-sftp:outbound-gateway request-channel="c1" reply-channel="c2" ... />

<int:service-activator input-channel="c2" output-channel="out"
        expression="@dsf.clearThreadKey(#root)" />
[Important]Important

When using session caching (see Section 30.4, “SFTP Session Caching”), each of the delegates should be cached. You cannot cache the DelegatingSessionFactory itself.

Starting with version 5.0.7, the DelegatingSessionFactory can be used in conjunction with a RotatingServerAdvice to poll multiple servers; see Section 30.8, “Inbound Channel Adapters: Polling Multiple Servers and Directories”.

30.4 SFTP Session Caching

[Important]Important

Starting with Spring Integration version 3.0, sessions are no longer cached by default. The cache-sessions attribute is no longer supported on endpoints. If you wish to cache sessions, you must use a CachingSessionFactory (see the next example).

In versions prior to 3.0, the sessions were automatically cached by default. A cache-sessions attribute was available for disabling the auto caching, but that solution did not provide a way to configure other session-caching attributes. For example, you could not limit on the number of sessions created. To support that requirement and other configuration options, we added a CachingSessionFactory. It provides sessionCacheSize and sessionWaitTimeout properties. As its name suggests, the sessionCacheSize property controls how many active sessions the factory maintains in its cache (the default is unbounded). If the sessionCacheSize threshold has been reached, any attempt to acquire another session blocks until either one of the cached sessions becomes available or until the wait time for a session expires (the default wait time is Integer.MAX_VALUE). The sessionWaitTimeout property enables configuration of the wait time.

If you want your sessions to be cached, configure your default session factory (as described earlier) and then wrap it in an instance of CachingSessionFactory where you may provide those additional properties. The following example shows how to do so:

<bean id="sftpSessionFactory"
    class="org.springframework.integration.sftp.session.DefaultSftpSessionFactory">
    <property name="host" value="localhost"/>
</bean>

<bean id="cachingSessionFactory"
    class="org.springframework.integration.file.remote.session.CachingSessionFactory">
    <constructor-arg ref="sftpSessionFactory"/>
    <constructor-arg value="10"/>
    <property name="sessionWaitTimeout" value="1000"/>
</bean>

The preceding example creates a CachingSessionFactory with its sessionCacheSize set to 10 and its sessionWaitTimeout set to one second (1000 milliseconds).

Starting with Spring Integration version 3.0, the CachingConnectionFactory provides a resetCache() method. When invoked, all idle sessions are immediately closed and in-use sessions are closed when they are returned to the cache. When using isSharedSession=true, the channel is closed and the shared session is closed only when the last channel is closed. New requests for sessions establish new sessions as necessary.

Starting with version 5.1, the CachingSessionFactory has a new property testSession. When true, the session will be tested by performing a stat(getHome()) command to ensure it is still active; if not, it will be removed from the cache; a new session is created if no active sessions are in the cache.

30.5 Using RemoteFileTemplate

Spring Integration version 3.0 provides a new abstraction over the SftpSession object. The template provides methods to send, retrieve (as an InputStream), remove, and rename files. In addition, we provide an execute method to let the caller run multiple operations on the session. In all cases, the template takes care of reliably closing the session. For more information, see the Javadoc for RemoteFileTemplate There is a subclass for SFTP: SftpRemoteFileTemplate.

We added additional methods in version 4.1, including getClientInstance(). It provides access to the underlying ChannelSftp, which enables access to low-level APIs.

Version 5.0 introduced the RemoteFileOperations.invoke(OperationsCallback<F, T> action) method. This method lets several RemoteFileOperations calls be called in the scope of the same thread-bounded Session. This is useful when you need to perform several high-level operations of the RemoteFileTemplate as one unit of work. For example, AbstractRemoteFileOutboundGateway uses it with the mput command implementation, where we perform a put operation for each file in the provided directory and recursively for its sub-directories. See the Javadoc for more information.

30.6 SFTP Inbound Channel Adapter

The SFTP inbound channel adapter is a special listener that connects to the server and listens for the remote directory events (such as a new file being created), at which point it initiates a file transfer. The following example shows how to configure an SFTP inbound channel adapter:

<int-sftp:inbound-channel-adapter id="sftpAdapterAutoCreate"
              session-factory="sftpSessionFactory"
            channel="requestChannel"
            filename-pattern="*.txt"
            remote-directory="/foo/bar"
            preserve-timestamp="true"
            local-directory="file:target/foo"
            auto-create-local-directory="true"
            local-filename-generator-expression="#this.toUpperCase() + '.a'"
            scanner="myDirScanner"
            local-filter="myFilter"
            temporary-file-suffix=".writing"
            max-fetch-size="-1"
            delete-remote-files="false">
        <int:poller fixed-rate="1000"/>
</int-sftp:inbound-channel-adapter>

The preceding configuration example shows how to provide values for various attributes, including the following:

  • local-directory: The location to which files are going to be transferred
  • remote-directory: The remote source directory from which files are going to be transferred
  • session-factory: A reference to the bean we configured earlier

By default, the transferred file carries the same name as the original file. If you want to override this behavior, you can set the local-filename-generator-expression attribute, which lets you provide a SpEL expression to generate the name of the local file. Unlike outbound gateways and adapters, where the root object of the SpEL evaluation context is a Message, this inbound adapter does not yet have the message at the time of evaluation, since that is what it ultimately generates with the transferred file as its payload. Consequently, the root object of the SpEL evaluation context is the original name of the remote file (a String).

The inbound channel adapter first retrieves the file to a local directory and then emits each file according to the poller configuration. Starting with version 5.0, you can limit the number of files fetched from the FTP server when new file retrievals are needed. This can be beneficial when the target files are large or when running in a clustered system with a persistent file list filter, discussed later in this section. Use max-fetch-size for this purpose. A negative value (the default) means no limit and all matching files are retrieved. See Section 30.9, “Inbound Channel Adapters: Controlling Remote File Fetching” for more information. Since version 5.0, you can also provide a custom DirectoryScanner implementation to the inbound-channel-adapter by setting the scanner attribute.

Starting with Spring Integration 3.0, you can specify the preserve-timestamp attribute (the default is false). When true, the local file’s modified timestamp is set to the value retrieved from the server. Otherwise, it is set to the current time.

Starting with version 4.2, you can specify remote-directory-expression instead of remote-directory, which lets you dynamically determine the directory on each poll — for example, remote-directory-expression="@myBean.determineRemoteDir()".

Sometimes, file filtering based on the simple pattern specified via filename-pattern attribute might not suffice. If this is the case, you can use the filename-regex attribute to specify a regular expression (for example, filename-regex=".*\.test$"). If you need complete control, you can use the filter attribute to provide a reference to a custom implementation of the org.springframework.integration.file.filters.FileListFilter, which is a strategy interface for filtering a list of files. This filter determines which remote files are retrieved. You can also combine a pattern-based filter with other filters (such as an AcceptOnceFileListFilter, to avoid synchronizing files that have previously been fetched) by using a CompositeFileListFilter.

The AcceptOnceFileListFilter stores its state in memory. If you wish the state to survive a system restart, consider using the SftpPersistentAcceptOnceFileListFilter instead. This filter stores the accepted file names in an instance of the MetadataStore strategy (see Section 12.5, “Metadata Store”). This filter matches on the filename and the remote modified time.

Since version 4.0, this filter requires a ConcurrentMetadataStore. When used with a shared data store (such as Redis with the RedisMetadataStore), this lets filter keys be shared across multiple application or server instances.

Starting with version 5.0, the SftpPersistentAcceptOnceFileListFilter with an in-memory SimpleMetadataStore is applied by default for the SftpInboundFileSynchronizer. This filter is also applied, together with the regex or pattern option in the XML configuration, as well as through FtpInboundChannelAdapterSpec in Java DSL. You can handle any other use-cases by using CompositeFileListFilter (or ChainFileListFilter).

The above discussion refers to filtering the files before retrieving them. Once the files have been retrieved, an additional filter is applied to the files on the file system. By default, this is an`AcceptOnceFileListFilter`, which, as discussed in this section, retains state in memory and does not consider the file’s modified time. Unless your application removes files after processing, the adapter re-processes the files on disk by default after an application restart.

Also, if you configure the filter to use a FtpPersistentAcceptOnceFileListFilter and the remote file timestamp changes (causing it to be re-fetched), the default local filter does not allow this new file to be processed.

You can use the local-filter attribute to configure the behavior of the local file system filter. Starting with version 4.3.8, a FileSystemPersistentAcceptOnceFileListFilter is configured by default. This filter stores the accepted file names and modified timestamp in an instance of the MetadataStore strategy (see Section 12.5, “Metadata Store”) and detects changes to the local file modified time. The default MetadataStore is a SimpleMetadataStore that stores state in memory.

Since version 4.1.5, these filters have a new property called flushOnUpdate, which causes them to flush the metadata store on every update (if the store implements Flushable).

[Important]Important

Further, if you use a distributed MetadataStore (such as Section 27.4, “Redis Metadata Store” or Section 19.6, “Gemfire Metadata Store”), you can have multiple instances of the same adapter or application and be sure that one and only one instance processes a file.

The actual local filter is a CompositeFileListFilter that contains the supplied filter and a pattern filter that prevents processing files that are in the process of being downloaded (based on the temporary-file-suffix). Files are downloaded with this suffix (the default is .writing), and the files are renamed to their final names when the transfer is complete, making them visible to the filter.

See the schema for more detail on these attributes.

SFTP inbound channel adapter is a polling consumer. Therefore, you must configure a poller (either a global default or a local element). Once the file has been transferred to a local directory, a message with java.io.File as its payload type is generated and sent to the channel identified by the channel attribute.

30.6.1 More on File Filtering and Large Files

Sometimes, a file that just appeared in the monitored (remote) directory is not complete. Typically such a file is written with some temporary extension (such as .writing on a file named something.txt.writing) and then renamed after the writing process completes. In most cases, developers are interested only in files that are complete and would like to filter only those files. To handle these scenarios, you can use the filtering support provided by the filename-pattern, filename-regex, and filter attributes. If you need a custom filter implementation, you can include a reference in your adapter by setting the filter attribute. The following example shows how to do so:

<int-sftp:inbound-channel-adapter id="sftpInbondAdapter"
            channel="receiveChannel"
            session-factory="sftpSessionFactory"
            filter="customFilter"
            local-directory="file:/local-test-dir"
            remote-directory="/remote-test-dir">
        <int:poller fixed-rate="1000" max-messages-per-poll="10" task-executor="executor"/>
</int-sftp:inbound-channel-adapter>

<bean id="customFilter" class="org.foo.CustomFilter"/>

30.6.2 Recovering from Failures

You should understand the architecture of the adapter. A file synchronizer fetches the files, and a FileReadingMessageSource emits a message for each synchronized file. As discussed earlier, two filters are involved. The filter attribute (and patterns) refers to the remote (SFTP) file list, to avoid fetching files that have already been fetched. the FileReadingMessageSource uses the local-filter to determine which files are to be sent as messages.

The synchronizer lists the remote files and consults its filter. The files are then transferred. If an IO error occurs during file transfer, any files that have already been added to the filter are removed so that they are eligible to be re-fetched on the next poll. This applies only if the filter implements ReversibleFileListFilter (such as the AcceptOnceFileListFilter).

If, after synchronizing the files, an error occurs on the downstream flow processing a file, no automatic rollback of the filter occurs, so the failed file is not reprocessed by default.

If you wish to reprocess such files after a failure, you can use a configuration similar to the following to facilitate the removal of the failed file from the filter:

<int-sftp:inbound-channel-adapter id="sftpAdapter"
        session-factory="sftpSessionFactory"
        channel="requestChannel"
        remote-directory-expression="'/sftpSource'"
        local-directory="file:myLocalDir"
        auto-create-local-directory="true"
        filename-pattern="*.txt">
    <int:poller fixed-rate="1000">
        <int:transactional synchronization-factory="syncFactory" />
    </int:poller>
</int-sftp:inbound-channel-adapter>

<bean id="acceptOnceFilter"
    class="org.springframework.integration.file.filters.AcceptOnceFileListFilter" />

<int:transaction-synchronization-factory id="syncFactory">
    <int:after-rollback expression="payload.delete()" />
</int:transaction-synchronization-factory>

<bean id="transactionManager"
    class="org.springframework.integration.transaction.PseudoTransactionManager" />

The preceding configuration works for any ResettableFileListFilter.

Starting with version 5.0, the inbound channel adapter can build sub-directories locally, according to the generated local file name. That can be a remote sub-path as well. To be able to read a local directory recursively for modification according to the hierarchy support, you can now supply an internal FileReadingMessageSource with a new RecursiveDirectoryScanner based on the Files.walk() algorithm. See AbstractInboundFileSynchronizingMessageSource.setScanner() for more information. Also, you can now switch the AbstractInboundFileSynchronizingMessageSource to the WatchService-based DirectoryScanner by using setUseWatchService() option. It is also configured for all the WatchEventType instances to react for any modifications in local directory. The reprocessing sample shown earlier is based on the built-in functionality of the FileReadingMessageSource.WatchServiceDirectoryScanner, which uses ResettableFileListFilter.remove() when the file is deleted (StandardWatchEventKinds.ENTRY_DELETE) from the local directory. See Section 17.1.4, “WatchServiceDirectoryScanner for more information.

30.6.3 Configuring with Java Configuration

The following Spring Boot application shows an example of how to configure the inbound adapter with Java:

@SpringBootApplication
public class SftpJavaApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new SpringApplicationBuilder(SftpJavaApplication.class)
            .web(false)
            .run(args);
    }

    @Bean
    public SessionFactory<LsEntry> sftpSessionFactory() {
        DefaultSftpSessionFactory factory = new DefaultSftpSessionFactory(true);
        factory.setHost("localhost");
        factory.setPort(port);
        factory.setUser("foo");
        factory.setPassword("foo");
        factory.setAllowUnknownKeys(true);
        factory.setTestSession(true);
        return new CachingSessionFactory<LsEntry>(factory);
    }

    @Bean
    public SftpInboundFileSynchronizer sftpInboundFileSynchronizer() {
        SftpInboundFileSynchronizer fileSynchronizer = new SftpInboundFileSynchronizer(sftpSessionFactory());
        fileSynchronizer.setDeleteRemoteFiles(false);
        fileSynchronizer.setRemoteDirectory("foo");
        fileSynchronizer.setFilter(new SftpSimplePatternFileListFilter("*.xml"));
        return fileSynchronizer;
    }

    @Bean
    @InboundChannelAdapter(channel = "sftpChannel", poller = @Poller(fixedDelay = "5000"))
    public MessageSource<File> sftpMessageSource() {
        SftpInboundFileSynchronizingMessageSource source =
                new SftpInboundFileSynchronizingMessageSource(sftpInboundFileSynchronizer());
        source.setLocalDirectory(new File("sftp-inbound"));
        source.setAutoCreateLocalDirectory(true);
        source.setLocalFilter(new AcceptOnceFileListFilter<File>());
        source.setMaxFetchSize(1);
        return source;
    }

    @Bean
    @ServiceActivator(inputChannel = "sftpChannel")
    public MessageHandler handler() {
        return new MessageHandler() {

            @Override
            public void handleMessage(Message<?> message) throws MessagingException {
                System.out.println(message.getPayload());
            }

        };
    }

}

30.6.4 Configuring with the Java DSL

The following Spring Boot application shows an example of how to configure the inbound adapter with the Java DSL:

@SpringBootApplication
public class SftpJavaApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new SpringApplicationBuilder(SftpJavaApplication.class)
            .web(false)
            .run(args);
    }

    @Bean
    public IntegrationFlow sftpInboundFlow() {
        return IntegrationFlows
            .from(Sftp.inboundAdapter(this.sftpSessionFactory)
                    .preserveTimestamp(true)
                    .remoteDirectory("foo")
                    .regexFilter(".*\\.txt$")
                    .localFilenameExpression("#this.toUpperCase() + '.a'")
                    .localDirectory(new File("sftp-inbound")),
                 e -> e.id("sftpInboundAdapter")
                    .autoStartup(true)
                    .poller(Pollers.fixedDelay(5000)))
            .handle(m -> System.out.println(m.getPayload()))
            .get();
    }
}

30.6.5 Dealing With Incomplete Data

See Section 17.1.9, “Dealing With Incomplete Data”.

The SftpSystemMarkerFilePresentFileListFilter is provided to filter remote files that don’t have the corresponding marker file on the remote system. See the Javadoc for configuration information.

30.7 SFTP Streaming Inbound Channel Adapter

Version 4.3 introduced the streaming inbound channel adapter. This adapter produces message with payloads of type InputStream, letting you fetch files without writing to the local file system. Since the session remains open, the consuming application is responsible for closing the session when the file has been consumed. The session is provided in the closeableResource header (IntegrationMessageHeaderAccessor.CLOSEABLE_RESOURCE). Standard framework components, such as the FileSplitter and StreamTransformer, automatically close the session. See Section 17.4, “File Splitter” and the section called “Stream Transformer” for more information about these components. The following example shows how to configure an SFTP streaming inbound channel adapter:

<int-sftp:inbound-streaming-channel-adapter id="ftpInbound"
            channel="ftpChannel"
            session-factory="sessionFactory"
            filename-pattern="*.txt"
            filename-regex=".*\.txt"
            filter="filter"
            filter-expression="@myFilterBean.check(#root)"
            remote-file-separator="/"
            comparator="comparator"
            max-fetch-size="1"
            remote-directory-expression="'foo/bar'">
        <int:poller fixed-rate="1000" />
</int-sftp:inbound-streaming-channel-adapter>

You can use only one of filename-pattern, filename-regex, filter, or filter-expression.

[Important]Important

Starting with version 5.0, by default, the SftpStreamingMessageSource adapter prevents duplicates for remote files by using SftpPersistentAcceptOnceFileListFilter based on the in-memory SimpleMetadataStore. By default, this filter is also applied together with the filename pattern (or regex) as well. If you need to allow duplicates, you can use the AcceptAllFileListFilter. You can handle any other use cases by using CompositeFileListFilter (or ChainFileListFilter). The Java configuration shown later shows one technique to remove the remote file after processing, avoiding duplicates.

You can use the max-fetch-size attribute to limit the number of files fetched on each poll when a fetch is necessary. Set it to 1 and use a persistent filter when running in a clustered environment. See Section 30.9, “Inbound Channel Adapters: Controlling Remote File Fetching” for more information.

The adapter puts the remote directory and the file name in headers (FileHeaders.REMOTE_DIRECTORY and FileHeaders.REMOTE_FILE, respectively). Starting with version 5.0, the FileHeaders.REMOTE_FILE_INFO header provides additional remote file information (in JSON). If you set the fileInfoJson property on the SftpStreamingMessageSource to false, the header contains an SftpFileInfo object. You can access the LsEntry object provided by the underlying Jsch library by using the SftpFileInfo.getFileInfo() method. The fileInfoJson property is not available when you use XML configuration, but you can set it by injecting the SftpStreamingMessageSource into one of your configuration classes.

Starting with version 5.1, the generic type of the comparator is LsEntry. Previously, it was AbstractFileInfo<LsEntry>. This is because the sort is now performed earlier in the processing, before filtering and applying maxFetch.

30.7.1 Configuring with Java Configuration

The following Spring Boot application shows an example of how to configure the inbound adapter with Java:

@SpringBootApplication
public class SftpJavaApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new SpringApplicationBuilder(SftpJavaApplication.class)
            .web(false)
            .run(args);
    }

    @Bean
    @InboundChannelAdapter(channel = "stream")
    public MessageSource<InputStream> ftpMessageSource() {
        SftpStreamingMessageSource messageSource = new SftpStreamingMessageSource(template());
        messageSource.setRemoteDirectory("sftpSource/");
        messageSource.setFilter(new AcceptAllFileListFilter<>());
        messageSource.setMaxFetchSize(1);
        return messageSource;
    }

    @Bean
    @Transformer(inputChannel = "stream", outputChannel = "data")
    public org.springframework.integration.transformer.Transformer transformer() {
        return new StreamTransformer("UTF-8");
    }

    @Bean
    public SftpRemoteFileTemplate template() {
        return new SftpRemoteFileTemplate(sftpSessionFactory());
    }

    @ServiceActivator(inputChannel = "data", adviceChain = "after")
    @Bean
    public MessageHandler handle() {
        return System.out::println;
    }

    @Bean
    public ExpressionEvaluatingRequestHandlerAdvice after() {
        ExpressionEvaluatingRequestHandlerAdvice advice = new ExpressionEvaluatingRequestHandlerAdvice();
        advice.setOnSuccessExpression(
                "@template.remove(headers['file_remoteDirectory'] + headers['file_remoteFile'])");
        advice.setPropagateEvaluationFailures(true);
        return advice;
    }

}

Notice that, in this example, the message handler downstream of the transformer has an advice that removes the remote file after processing.

30.8 Inbound Channel Adapters: Polling Multiple Servers and Directories

Starting with version 5.0.7, the RotatingServerAdvice is available; when configured as a poller advice, the inbound adapters can poll multiple servers and directories. Configure the advice and add it to the poller’s advice chain as normal. A DelegatingSessionFactory is used to select the server see Section 18.3, “Delegating Session Factory” for more information. The advice configuration consists of a list of RotatingServerAdvice.KeyDirectory objects.

Example. 

@Bean
public RotatingServerAdvice advice() {
    List<KeyDirectory> keyDirectories = new ArrayList<>();
    keyDirectories.add(new KeyDirectory("one", "foo"));
    keyDirectories.add(new KeyDirectory("one", "bar"));
    keyDirectories.add(new KeyDirectory("two", "baz"));
    keyDirectories.add(new KeyDirectory("two", "qux"));
    keyDirectories.add(new KeyDirectory("three", "fiz"));
    keyDirectories.add(new KeyDirectory("three", "buz"));
    return new RotatingServerAdvice(delegatingSf(), keyDirectories);
}

This advice will poll directory foo on server one until no new files exist then move to directory bar and then directory baz on server two, etc.

This default behavior can be modified with the fair constructor arg:

fair. 

@Bean
public RotatingServerAdvice advice() {
    ...
    return new RotatingServerAdvice(delegatingSf(), keyDirectories, true);
}

In this case, the advice will move to the next server/directory regardless of whether the previous poll returned a file.

Alternatively, you can provide your own RotatingServerAdvice.RotationPolicy to reconfigure the message source as needed:

policy. 

public interface RotationPolicy {

    void beforeReceive(MessageSource<?> source);

    void afterReceive(boolean messageReceived, MessageSource<?> source);

}

and

custom. 

@Bean
public RotatingServerAdvice advice() {
    return new RotatingServerAdvice(myRotationPolicy());
}

The local-filename-generator-expression attribute (localFilenameGeneratorExpression on the synchronizer) can now contain the #remoteDirectory variable. This allows files retrieved from different directories to be downloaded to similar directories locally:

@Bean
public IntegrationFlow flow() {
    return IntegrationFlows.from(Ftp.inboundAdapter(sf())
                    .filter(new FtpPersistentAcceptOnceFileListFilter(new SimpleMetadataStore(), "rotate"))
                    .localDirectory(new File(tmpDir))
                    .localFilenameExpression("#remoteDirectory + T(java.io.File).separator + #root")
                    .remoteDirectory("."),
                e -> e.poller(Pollers.fixedDelay(1).advice(advice())))
            .channel(MessageChannels.queue("files"))
            .get();
}
[Important]Important

Do not configure a TaskExecutor on the poller when using this advice; see Section 6.2.4, “Conditional Pollers for Message Sources” for more information.

30.9 Inbound Channel Adapters: Controlling Remote File Fetching

You should consider two properties when configuring inbound channel adapters. max-messages-per-poll, as with all pollers, can be used to limit the number of messages emitted on each poll (if more than the configured value are ready). max-fetch-size (since version 5.0) can limit the number of files retrieved from the remote server at a time.

The following scenarios assume the starting state is an empty local directory:

  • max-messages-per-poll=2 and max-fetch-size=1: The adapter fetches one file, emits it, fetches the next file, and emit it. Then it sleeps until the next poll.
  • max-messages-per-poll=2 and max-fetch-size=2): The adapter fetch both files and then emits each one.
  • max-messages-per-poll=2 and max-fetch-size=4: The adapter fetches up to 4 files (if available) and emits the first two (if there are at least two). The next two files will be emitted on the next poll.
  • max-messages-per-poll=2 and max-fetch-size not specified: The adapter fetches all remote files and emits the first two (if there are at least two). The subsequent files are emitted on subsequent polls (two at a time). When all are consumed, the remote fetch is attempted again, to pick up any new files.
[Important]Important

When you deploy multiple instances of an application, we recommend setting a small max-fetch-size, to avoid one instance "grabbing" all the files and starving other instances.

Another use for max-fetch-size is when you want to stop fetching remote files but continue to process files that have already been fetched. Setting the maxFetchSize property on the MessageSource (programmatically, via JMX, or via a control bus) effectively stops the adapter from fetching more files but lets the poller continue to emit messages for files that have previously been fetched. If the poller is active when the property is changed, the change takes effect on the next poll.

Starting with version 5.1, the synchronizer can be provided with a Comparator<LsEntry>. This is useful when restricting the number of files fetched with maxFetchSize.

30.10 SFTP Outbound Channel Adapter

The SFTP outbound channel adapter is a special MessageHandler that connects to the remote directory and initiates a file transfer for every file it receives as the payload of an incoming Message. It also supports several representations of the file so that you are not limited to the File object. Similar to the FTP outbound adapter, the SFTP outbound channel adapter supports the following payloads:

  • java.io.File: The actual file object
  • byte[]: A byte array that represents the file contents
  • java.lang.String: Text that represents the file contents

The following example shows how to configure an SFTP outbound channel adapter:

<int-sftp:outbound-channel-adapter id="sftpOutboundAdapter"
    session-factory="sftpSessionFactory"
    channel="inputChannel"
    charset="UTF-8"
    remote-file-separator="/"
    remote-directory="foo/bar"
    remote-filename-generator-expression="payload.getName() + '-mysuffix'"
    filename-generator="fileNameGenerator"
    use-temporary-filename="true"
    chmod="600"
    mode="REPLACE"/>

See the schema for more detail on these attributes.

30.10.1 SpEL and the SFTP Outbound Adapter

As with many other components in Spring Integration, you can use the Spring Expression Language (SpEL) when you configure an SFTP outbound channel adapter by specifying two attributes: remote-directory-expression and remote-filename-generator-expression (described earlier). The expression evaluation context has the message as its root object, which lets you use expressions that can dynamically compute the file name or the existing directory path based on the data in the message (from either the payload or the headers). In the preceding example, we define the remote-filename-generator-expression attribute with an expression value that computes the file name based on its original name while also appending a suffix: -mysuffix.

Starting with version 4.1, you can specify the mode when you transferring the file. By default, an existing file is overwritten. The modes are defined by the FileExistsMode enumeration, which has the following values: REPLACE (default), APPEND, IGNORE, and FAIL. With IGNORE and FAIL, the file is not transferred. FAIL causes an exception to be thrown, while IGNORE silently ignores the transfer (although a DEBUG log entry is produced).

30.10.2 Avoiding Partially Written Files

One of the common problems when dealing with file transfers is the possibility of processing a partial file. A file might appear in the file system before its transfer is actually complete.

To deal with this issue, Spring Integration SFTP adapters use a common algorithm in which files are transferred under a temporary name and than renamed once they are fully transferred.

By default, every file that is in the process of being transferred appear in the file system with an additional suffix, which, by default, is .writing. You can change by setting the temporary-file-suffix attribute.

However, there may be situations where you do not want to use this technique (for example, if the server does not permit renaming files). For situations like this, you can disable this feature by setting use-temporary-file-name to false (the default is true). When this attribute is false, the file is written with its final name, and the consuming application needs some other mechanism to detect that the file is completely uploaded before accessing it.

Version 4.3 introduced the chmod attribute, which you can use to change the remote file permissions after upload. You can use the conventional Unix octal format (for example, 600 allows read-write for the file owner only). When configuring the adapter using java, you can use setChmodOctal("600") or setChmodDecimal(384).

30.10.3 Configuring with Java Configuration

The following Spring Boot application shows an example of how to configure the outbound adapter with Java:

@SpringBootApplication
@IntegrationComponentScan
public class SftpJavaApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ConfigurableApplicationContext context =
                    new SpringApplicationBuilder(SftpJavaApplication.class)
                        .web(false)
                        .run(args);
        MyGateway gateway = context.getBean(MyGateway.class);
        gateway.sendToSftp(new File("/foo/bar.txt"));
    }

    @Bean
    public SessionFactory<LsEntry> sftpSessionFactory() {
        DefaultSftpSessionFactory factory = new DefaultSftpSessionFactory(true);
        factory.setHost("localhost");
        factory.setPort(port);
        factory.setUser("foo");
        factory.setPassword("foo");
        factory.setAllowUnknownKeys(true);
        factory.setTestSession(true);
        return new CachingSessionFactory<LsEntry>(factory);
    }

    @Bean
    @ServiceActivator(inputChannel = "toSftpChannel")
    public MessageHandler handler() {
        SftpMessageHandler handler = new SftpMessageHandler(sftpSessionFactory());
        handler.setRemoteDirectoryExpressionString("headers['remote-target-dir']");
        handler.setFileNameGenerator(new FileNameGenerator() {

            @Override
            public String generateFileName(Message<?> message) {
                 return "handlerContent.test";
            }

        });
        return handler;
    }

    @MessagingGateway
    public interface MyGateway {

         @Gateway(requestChannel = "toSftpChannel")
         void sendToSftp(File file);

    }
}

30.10.4 Configuring with the Java DSL

The following Spring Boot application shows an example of how to configure the outbound adapter with the Java DSL:

@SpringBootApplication
public class SftpJavaApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new SpringApplicationBuilder(SftpJavaApplication.class)
            .web(false)
            .run(args);
    }

    @Bean
    public IntegrationFlow sftpOutboundFlow() {
        return IntegrationFlows.from("toSftpChannel")
            .handle(Sftp.outboundAdapter(this.sftpSessionFactory, FileExistsMode.FAIL)
                         .useTemporaryFileName(false)
                         .remoteDirectory("/foo")
            ).get();
    }

}

30.11 SFTP Outbound Gateway

The SFTP outbound gateway provides a limited set of commands that let you interact with a remote SFTP server:

  • ls (list files)
  • nlst (list file names)
  • get (retrieve a file)
  • mget (retrieve multiple files)
  • rm (remove file(s))
  • mv (move and rename file)
  • put (send a file)
  • mput (send multiple files)

30.11.1 Using the ls Command

ls lists remote files and supports the following options:

  • -1: Retrieve a list of filenames. The default is to retrieve a list of FileInfo objects
  • -a: Include all files (including those starting with .)
  • -f: Do not sort the list
  • -dirs: Include directories (excluded by default)
  • -links: Include symbolic links (excluded by default)
  • -R: List the remote directory recursively

In addition, filename filtering is provided in the same manner as the inbound-channel-adapter.

The message payload resulting from an ls operation is a list of file names or a list of FileInfo objects (depending on whether you usr the -1 switch). These objects provide information such as modified time, permissions, and others.

The remote directory that the ls command acted on is provided in the file_remoteDirectory header.

When using the recursive option (-R), the fileName includes any subdirectory elements and represents the relative path to the file (relative to the remote directory). If you use the -dirs option, each recursive directory is also returned as an element in the list. In this case, we recommend that you not use the -1 option, because you would not be able to distinguish files from directories, which you can do when you use FileInfo objects.

Using nlst Command

Version 5 introduced support for the nlst command.

nlst lists remote file names and supports only one option:

  • -f: Do not sort the list

The message payload resulting from an nlst operation is a list of file names.

The file_remoteDirectory header holds the remote directory on which the nlst command acted.

The SFTP protocol does not provide the ability to list names. This command is the equivalent of the ls command with the -1 option and is added here for convenience.

30.11.2 Using the get Command

get retrieves a remote file and supports the following options:

  • -P: Preserve the timestamp of the remote file.
  • -stream: Retrieve the remote file as a stream.
  • -D: Delete the remote file after successful transfer. The remote file is not deleted if the transfer is ignored, because the FileExistsMode is IGNORE and the local file already exists.

The file_remoteDirectory header holds the remote directory, and the file_remoteFile header holds the filename.

The message payload resulting from a get operation is a File object representing the retrieved file. If you use the -stream option, the payload is an InputStream rather than a File. For text files, a common use case is to combine this operation with a file splitter or a stream transformer. When consuming remote files as streams, you are responsible for closing the Session after the stream is consumed. For convenience, the Session is provided in the closeableResource header, and IntegrationMessageHeaderAccessor offers convenience method:

Closeable closeable = new IntegrationMessageHeaderAccessor(message).getCloseableResource();
if (closeable != null) {
    closeable.close();
}

Framework components, such as the File Splitter and Stream Transformer, automatically close the session after the data is transferred.

The following example shows how to consume a file as a stream:

<int-sftp:outbound-gateway session-factory="ftpSessionFactory"
                            request-channel="inboundGetStream"
                            command="get"
                            command-options="-stream"
                            expression="payload"
                            remote-directory="ftpTarget"
                            reply-channel="stream" />

<int-file:splitter input-channel="stream" output-channel="lines" />
[Note]Note

If you consume the input stream in a custom component, you must close the Session. You can either do that in your custom code or route a copy of the message to a service-activator and use SpEL, as the following example shows:

<int:service-activator input-channel="closeSession"
    expression="headers['closeableResource'].close()" />

30.11.3 Using the mget Command

mget retrieves multiple remote files based on a pattern and supports the following options:

  • -P: Preserve the timestamps of the remote files.
  • -R: Retrieve the entire directory tree recursively.
  • -x: Throw an exception if no files match the pattern (otherwise, an empty list is returned).
  • -D: Delete each remote file after successful transfer. If the transfer is ignored, the remote file is not deleted, because the FileExistsMode is IGNORE and the local file already exists.

The message payload resulting from an mget operation is a List<File> object (that is, a List of File objects, each representing a retrieved file).

[Important]Important

Starting with version 5.0, if the FileExistsMode is IGNORE, the payload of the output message no longer contain files that were not fetched due to the file already existing. Previously, the array contained all files, including those that already existed.

The expression you use determine the remote path should produce a result that ends with * for example myfiles/* fetches the complete tree under myfiles.

Starting with version 5.0, you can use a recursive MGET, combined with the FileExistsMode.REPLACE_IF_MODIFIED mode, to periodically synchronize an entire remote directory tree locally. This mode sets the local file’s last modified timestamp to the remote file’s timestamp, regardless of the -P (preserve timestamp) option.

[Important]Notes for when using recursion (-R)

The pattern is ignored and * is assumed. By default, the entire remote tree is retrieved. However, you can filter files in the tree by providing a FileListFilter. You can also filter directories in the tree this way. A FileListFilter can be provided by reference or by filename-pattern or filename-regex attributes. For example, filename-regex="(subDir|.*1.txt)" retrieves all files ending with 1.txt in the remote directory and the subdirectory subDir. However, we describe an alternative available after this note.

If you filter a subdirectory, no additional traversal of that subdirectory is performed.

The -dirs option is not allowed (the recursive mget uses the recursive ls to obtain the directory tree and the directories themselves cannot be included in the list).

Typically, you would use the #remoteDirectory variable in the local-directory-expression so that the remote directory structure is retained locally.

Starting with version 5.0, you can configure the SftpSimplePatternFileListFilter and SftpRegexPatternFileListFilter to always pass directories by setting the alwaysAcceptDirectorties to true. Doing so allows recursion for a simple pattern, as the following examples show:

<bean id="starDotTxtFilter"
            class="org.springframework.integration.sftp.filters.SftpSimplePatternFileListFilter">
    <constructor-arg value="*.txt" />
    <property name="alwaysAcceptDirectories" value="true" />
</bean>

<bean id="dotStarDotTxtFilter"
            class="org.springframework.integration.sftp.filters.SftpRegexPatternFileListFilter">
    <constructor-arg value="^.*\.txt$" />
    <property name="alwaysAcceptDirectories" value="true" />
</bean>

You can provide one of these filters by using the filter property on the gateway.

See also Section 30.11.10, “Outbound Gateway Partial Success (mget and mput)”.

30.11.4 Using the put Command

put sends a file to the remote server. The payload of the message can be a java.io.File, a byte[], or a String. A remote-filename-generator (or expression) is used to name the remote file. Other available attributes include remote-directory, temporary-remote-directory and their *-expression equivalents: use-temporary-file-name and auto-create-directory. See the schema documentation for more information.

The message payload resulting from a put operation is a String that contains the full path of the file on the server after transfer.

Version 4.3 introduced the chmod attribute, which changes the remote file permissions after upload. You can use the conventional Unix octal format (for example, 600 allows read-write for the file owner only). When configuring the adapter using java, you can use setChmod(0600).

30.11.5 Using the mput Command

mput sends multiple files to the server and supports the following option:

  • -R: Recursive — send all files (possibly filtered) in the directory and subdirectories

The message payload must be a java.io.File (or String) that represents a local directory. Since version 5.1, a collection of File or String is also supported.

The same attributes as the put command are supported. In addition, you can filter files in the local directory with one of mput-pattern, mput-regex, mput-filter, or mput-filter-expression. The filter works with recursion, as long as the subdirectories themselves pass the filter. Subdirectories that do not pass the filter are not recursed.

The message payload resulting from an mget operation is a List<String> object (that is, a List of remote file paths resulting from the transfer).

See also Section 30.11.10, “Outbound Gateway Partial Success (mget and mput)”.

Version 4.3 introduced the chmod attribute, which lets you change the remote file permissions after upload. You can use the conventional Unix octal format (for example, 600 allows read-write for the file owner only). When configuring the adapter with Java, you can use setChmodOctal("600") or setChmodDecimal(384).

Using the rm Command

The rm command has no options.

If the remove operation was successful, the resulting message payload is Boolean.TRUE. Otherwise, the message payload is Boolean.FALSE. The file_remoteDirectory header holds the remote directory, and the file_remoteFile header holds the file name.

30.11.6 Using the mv Command

The mv command has no options.

The expression attribute defines the "from" path, and the rename-expression attribute defines the "to" path. By default, the rename-expression is headers['file_renameTo']. This expression must not evaluate to null or an empty String. If necessary, any remote directories needed are created. The payload of the result message is Boolean.TRUE. The the file_remoteDirectory header holds the original remote directory, and the file_remoteFile header holds the filename. The file_renameTo header holds the new path.

30.11.7 Additional Command Information

The get and mget commands support the local-filename-generator-expression attribute. It defines a SpEL expression to generate the names of local files during the transfer. The root object of the evaluation context is the request message. The remoteFileName variable is also available. It is particularly useful for mget (for example: local-filename-generator-expression="#remoteFileName.toUpperCase() + headers.foo").

The get and mget commands support the local-directory-expression attribute. It defines a SpEL expression to generate the names of local directories during the transfer. The root object of the evaluation context is the request message. The remoteDirectory variable is also available. It is particularly useful for mget (for example: local-directory-expression="'/tmp/local/' + #remoteDirectory.toUpperCase() + headers.myheader"). This attribute is mutually exclusive with the local-directory attribute.

For all commands, the expression property of the gateway holds the path on which the command acts. For the mget command, the expression might evaluate to , meaning to retrieve all files, somedirectory/, and other values that end with *.

The following example shows a gateway configured for an ls command:

<int-ftp:outbound-gateway id="gateway1"
        session-factory="ftpSessionFactory"
        request-channel="inbound1"
        command="ls"
        command-options="-1"
        expression="payload"
        reply-channel="toSplitter"/>

The payload of the message sent to the toSplitter channel is a list of String objects, each of which contains the name of a file. If you omitted command-options="-1", the payload would be a list of FileInfo objects. You can provide options as a space-delimited list (for example, command-options="-1 -dirs -links").

Starting with version 4.2, the GET, MGET, PUT, and MPUT commands support a FileExistsMode property (mode when using the namespace support). This affects the behavior when the local file exists (GET and MGET) or the remote file exists (PUT and MPUT). The supported modes are REPLACE, APPEND, FAIL, and IGNORE. For backwards compatibility, the default mode for PUT and MPUT operations is REPLACE. For GET and MGET operations, the default is FAIL.

30.11.8 Configuring with Java Configuration

The following Spring Boot application shows an example of how to configure the outbound gateway with Java:

@SpringBootApplication
public class SftpJavaApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new SpringApplicationBuilder(SftpJavaApplication.class)
            .web(false)
            .run(args);
    }

    @Bean
    @ServiceActivator(inputChannel = "sftpChannel")
    public MessageHandler handler() {
        return new SftpOutboundGateway(ftpSessionFactory(), "ls", "'my_remote_dir/'");
    }

}

30.11.9 Configuring with the Java DSL

The following Spring Boot application shows an example of how to configure the outbound gateway with the Java DSL:

@SpringBootApplication
public class SftpJavaApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new SpringApplicationBuilder(SftpJavaApplication.class)
            .web(false)
            .run(args);
    }

    @Bean
    public SessionFactory<LsEntry> sftpSessionFactory() {
        DefaultFtpSessionFactory sf = new DefaultFtpSessionFactory();
        sf.setHost("localhost");
        sf.setPort(port);
        sf.setUsername("foo");
        sf.setPassword("foo");
        factory.setTestSession(true);
        return new CachingSessionFactory<LsEntry>(sf);
    }

    @Bean
    public QueueChannelSpec remoteFileOutputChannel() {
        return MessageChannels.queue();
    }

    @Bean
    public IntegrationFlow sftpMGetFlow() {
        return IntegrationFlows.from("sftpMgetInputChannel")
            .handle(Sftp.outboundGateway(sftpSessionFactory(),
                            AbstractRemoteFileOutboundGateway.Command.MGET, "payload")
                    .options(AbstractRemoteFileOutboundGateway.Option.RECURSIVE)
                    .regexFileNameFilter("(subSftpSource|.*1.txt)")
                    .localDirectoryExpression("'myDir/' + #remoteDirectory")
                    .localFilenameExpression("#remoteFileName.replaceFirst('sftpSource', 'localTarget')"))
            .channel("remoteFileOutputChannel")
            .get();
    }

}

30.11.10 Outbound Gateway Partial Success (mget and mput)

When performing operations on multiple files (by using mget and mput) an exception can occur some time after one or more files have been transferred. In this case (starting with version 4.2), a PartialSuccessException is thrown. As well as the usual MessagingException properties (failedMessage and cause), this exception has two additional properties:

  • partialResults: The successful transfer results.
  • derivedInput: The list of files generated from the request message (such as local files to transfer for an mput).

These attributes let you determine which files were successfully transferred and which were not.

In the case of a recursive mput, the PartialSuccessException may have nested PartialSuccessException instances.

Consider the following directory structure:

root/
|- file1.txt
|- subdir/
   | - file2.txt
   | - file3.txt
|- zoo.txt

If the exception occurs on file3.txt, the PartialSuccessException thrown by the gateway has derivedInput of file1.txt, subdir, and zoo.txt and partialResults of file1.txt. Its cause is another PartialSuccessException with derivedInput of file2.txt and file3.txt and partialResults of file2.txt.

30.12 SFTP/JSCH Logging

Since we use JSch libraries (http://www.jcraft.com/jsch/) to provide SFTP support, you may at times require more information from the JSch API itself, especially if something is not working properly (such as authentication exceptions). Unfortunately JSch does not use commons-logging but instead relies on custom implementations of their com.jcraft.jsch.Logger interface. As of Spring Integration 2.0.1, we have implemented this interface. So now, to enable JSch logging, you can configure your logger the way you usually do. For example, the following example is valid configuration of a logger that uses Log4J:

log4j.category.com.jcraft.jsch=DEBUG

30.13 MessageSessionCallback

Starting with Spring Integration version 4.2, you can use a MessageSessionCallback<F, T> implementation with the <int-sftp:outbound-gateway/> (SftpOutboundGateway) to perform any operation on the Session<LsEntry> with the requestMessage context. You can use it for any non-standard or low-level FTP operation (or several), such as allowing access from an integration flow definition, or functional interface (lambda) implementation injection. The following example uses a lambda:

@Bean
@ServiceActivator(inputChannel = "sftpChannel")
public MessageHandler sftpOutboundGateway(SessionFactory<ChannelSftp.LsEntry> sessionFactory) {
    return new SftpOutboundGateway(sessionFactory,
         (session, requestMessage) -> session.list(requestMessage.getPayload()));
}

Another example might be to pre- or post-process the file data being sent or retrieved.

When using XML configuration, the <int-sftp:outbound-gateway/> provides a session-callback attribute that lets you specify the MessageSessionCallback bean name.

[Note]Note

The session-callback is mutually exclusive with the command and expression attributes. When configuring with Java, the SftpOutboundGateway class offers different constructors.