Class AbstractController

  extended by
      extended by
          extended by
              extended by org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.AbstractController
All Implemented Interfaces:
Aware, ApplicationContextAware, ServletContextAware, Controller
Direct Known Subclasses:
AbstractUrlViewController, BaseCommandController, MultiActionController, ParameterizableViewController, ServletForwardingController, ServletWrappingController

public abstract class AbstractController
extends WebContentGenerator
implements Controller

Convenient superclass for controller implementations, using the Template Method design pattern.

As stated in the Controller interface, a lot of functionality is already provided by certain abstract base controllers. The AbstractController is one of the most important abstract base controller providing basic features such as the generation of caching headers and the enabling or disabling of supported methods (GET/POST).

Workflow (and that defined by interface):

  1. handleRequest() will be called by the DispatcherServlet
  2. Inspection of supported methods (ServletException if request method is not support)
  3. If session is required, try to get it (ServletException if not found)
  4. Set caching headers if needed according to the cacheSeconds property
  5. Call abstract method handleRequestInternal() (optionally synchronizing around the call on the HttpSession), which should be implemented by extending classes to provide actual functionality to return ModelAndView objects.

Exposed configuration properties (and those defined by interface):

name default description
supportedMethods GET,POST comma-separated (CSV) list of methods supported by this controller, such as GET, POST and PUT
requireSession false whether a session should be required for requests to be able to be handled by this controller. This ensures that derived controller can - without fear of null pointers - call request.getSession() to retrieve a session. If no session can be found while processing the request, a ServletException will be thrown
cacheSeconds -1 indicates the amount of seconds to include in the cache header for the response following on this request. 0 (zero) will include headers for no caching at all, -1 (the default) will not generate any headers and any positive number will generate headers that state the amount indicated as seconds to cache the content
synchronizeOnSession false whether the call to handleRequestInternal should be synchronized around the HttpSession, to serialize invocations from the same client. No effect if there is no HttpSession.

Rod Johnson, Juergen Hoeller
See Also:

Field Summary
Fields inherited from class
Fields inherited from class
Constructor Summary
Method Summary
 ModelAndView handleRequest(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
          Process the request and return a ModelAndView object which the DispatcherServlet will render.
protected abstract  ModelAndView handleRequestInternal(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
          Template method.
 boolean isSynchronizeOnSession()
          Return whether controller execution should be synchronized on the session.
 void setSynchronizeOnSession(boolean synchronizeOnSession)
          Set if controller execution should be synchronized on the session, to serialize parallel invocations from the same client.
Methods inherited from class
applyCacheSeconds, applyCacheSeconds, cacheForSeconds, cacheForSeconds, checkAndPrepare, checkAndPrepare, getCacheSeconds, getSupportedMethods, isRequireSession, isUseCacheControlHeader, isUseCacheControlNoStore, isUseExpiresHeader, preventCaching, setCacheSeconds, setRequireSession, setSupportedMethods, setUseCacheControlHeader, setUseCacheControlNoStore, setUseExpiresHeader
Methods inherited from class
getServletContext, getTempDir, getWebApplicationContext, initApplicationContext, initServletContext, isContextRequired, setServletContext
Methods inherited from class
getApplicationContext, getMessageSourceAccessor, initApplicationContext, requiredContextClass, setApplicationContext
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Detail


public AbstractController()
Method Detail


public final void setSynchronizeOnSession(boolean synchronizeOnSession)
Set if controller execution should be synchronized on the session, to serialize parallel invocations from the same client.

More specifically, the execution of the handleRequestInternal method will get synchronized if this flag is "true". The best available session mutex will be used for the synchronization; ideally, this will be a mutex exposed by HttpSessionMutexListener.

The session mutex is guaranteed to be the same object during the entire lifetime of the session, available under the key defined by the SESSION_MUTEX_ATTRIBUTE constant. It serves as a safe reference to synchronize on for locking on the current session.

In many cases, the HttpSession reference itself is a safe mutex as well, since it will always be the same object reference for the same active logical session. However, this is not guaranteed across different servlet containers; the only 100% safe way is a session mutex.

See Also:
handleRequestInternal(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest, javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse), HttpSessionMutexListener, WebUtils.getSessionMutex(javax.servlet.http.HttpSession)


public final boolean isSynchronizeOnSession()
Return whether controller execution should be synchronized on the session.


public ModelAndView handleRequest(HttpServletRequest request,
                                  HttpServletResponse response)
                           throws Exception
Description copied from interface: Controller
Process the request and return a ModelAndView object which the DispatcherServlet will render. A null return value is not an error: It indicates that this object completed request processing itself, thus there is no ModelAndView to render.

Specified by:
handleRequest in interface Controller
request - current HTTP request
response - current HTTP response
a ModelAndView to render, or null if handled directly
Exception - in case of errors


protected abstract ModelAndView handleRequestInternal(HttpServletRequest request,
                                                      HttpServletResponse response)
                                               throws Exception
Template method. Subclasses must implement this. The contract is the same as for handleRequest.

See Also:
handleRequest(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest, javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse)