The Spring Framework

Class IsolationLevelDataSourceRouter

  extended by org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.AbstractDataSource
      extended by org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.lookup.AbstractRoutingDataSource
          extended by org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.lookup.IsolationLevelDataSourceRouter
All Implemented Interfaces:
DataSource, InitializingBean

public class IsolationLevelDataSourceRouter
extends AbstractRoutingDataSource

DataSource that routes to one of various target DataSources based on the current transaction isolation level. The target DataSources need to be configured with the isolation level name as key, as defined on the TransactionDefinition interface.

This is particularly useful in combination with JTA transaction management (typically through Spring's JtaTransactionManager). Standard JTA does not support transaction-specific isolation levels. Some JTA providers support isolation levels as a vendor-specific extension (e.g. WebLogic), which is the preferred way of addressing this. As alternative (e.g. on WebSphere), the target database can be represented through multiple JNDI DataSources, each configured with a different isolation level (for the entire DataSource). The present DataSource router allows to transparently switch to the appropriate DataSource based on the current transaction's isolation level.

The configuration can for example look like this, assuming that the target DataSources are defined as individual Spring beans with names "myRepeatableReadDataSource", "mySerializableDataSource" and "myDefaultDataSource":

 <bean id="dataSourceRouter" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.lookup.IsolationLevelDataSourceRouter">
   <property name="targetDataSources">
       <entry key="ISOLATION_REPEATABLE_READ" value-ref="myRepeatableReadDataSource"/>
       <entry key="ISOLATION_SERIALIZABLE" value-ref="mySerializableDataSource"/>
   <property name="defaultTargetDataSource" ref="myDefaultDataSource"/>
Alternatively, the keyed values can also be data source names, to be resolved through a DataSourceLookup: by default, JNDI names for a standard JNDI lookup. This allows for a single concise definition without the need for separate DataSource bean definitions.
 <bean id="dataSourceRouter" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.lookup.IsolationLevelDataSourceRouter">
   <property name="targetDataSources">
       <entry key="ISOLATION_REPEATABLE_READ" value="java:comp/env/jdbc/myrrds"/>
       <entry key="ISOLATION_SERIALIZABLE" value="java:comp/env/jdbc/myserds"/>
   <property name="defaultTargetDataSource" value="java:comp/env/jdbc/mydefds"/>
Note: If you are using this router in combination with Spring's JtaTransactionManager, don't forget to switch the "allowCustomIsolationLevels" flag to "true". (By default, JtaTransactionManager will only accept a default isolation level because of the lack of isolation level support in standard JTA itself.)
 <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.transaction.jta.JtaTransactionManager">
   <property name="allowCustomIsolationLevels" value="true"/>

Juergen Hoeller
See Also:
AbstractRoutingDataSource.setTargetDataSources(java.util.Map), AbstractRoutingDataSource.setDefaultTargetDataSource(java.lang.Object), TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_READ_UNCOMMITTED, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_READ_COMMITTED, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_REPEATABLE_READ, TransactionDefinition.ISOLATION_SERIALIZABLE, JtaTransactionManager

Field Summary
Fields inherited from class org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.AbstractDataSource
Constructor Summary
Method Summary
protected  Object determineCurrentLookupKey()
          Determine the current lookup key.
protected  Object resolveSpecifiedLookupKey(Object lookupKey)
          Supports Integer values for the isolation level constants as well as isolation level names as defined on the TransactionDefinition interface.
Methods inherited from class org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.lookup.AbstractRoutingDataSource
afterPropertiesSet, determineTargetDataSource, getConnection, getConnection, resolveSpecifiedDataSource, setDataSourceLookup, setDefaultTargetDataSource, setTargetDataSources
Methods inherited from class org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.AbstractDataSource
getLoginTimeout, getLogWriter, setLoginTimeout, setLogWriter
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Detail


public IsolationLevelDataSourceRouter()
Method Detail


protected Object resolveSpecifiedLookupKey(Object lookupKey)
Supports Integer values for the isolation level constants as well as isolation level names as defined on the TransactionDefinition interface.

resolveSpecifiedLookupKey in class AbstractRoutingDataSource
lookupKey - the lookup key object as specified by the user
the lookup key as needed for matching


protected Object determineCurrentLookupKey()
Description copied from class: AbstractRoutingDataSource
Determine the current lookup key. This will typically be implemented to check a thread-bound transaction context.

Allows for arbitrary keys. The returned key needs to match the stored lookup key type, as resolved by the AbstractRoutingDataSource.resolveSpecifiedLookupKey(java.lang.Object) method.

Specified by:
determineCurrentLookupKey in class AbstractRoutingDataSource

The Spring Framework

Copyright © 2002-2007 The Spring Framework.