Class ProviderManager

  extended by
      extended by
All Implemented Interfaces:
org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean, org.springframework.context.MessageSourceAware, AuthenticationManager

public class ProviderManager
extends AbstractAuthenticationManager
implements org.springframework.context.MessageSourceAware, org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean

Iterates an Authentication request through a list of AuthenticationProviders.

AuthenticationProviders are usually tried in order until one provides a non-null response. A non-null response indicates the provider had authority to decide on the authentication request and no further providers are tried. If a subsequent provider successfully authenticates the request, the earlier authentication exception is disregarded and the successful authentication will be used. If no subsequent provider provides a non-null response, or a new AuthenticationException, the last AuthenticationException received will be used. If no provider returns a non-null response, or indicates it can even process an Authentication, the ProviderManager will throw a ProviderNotFoundException. A parent AuthenticationManager can also be set, and this will also be tried if none of the configured providers can perform the authentication. This is intended to support namespace configuration options though and is not a feature that should normally be required.

The exception to this process is when a provider throws an AccountStatusException, in which case no further providers in the list will be queried. Post-authentication, the credentials will be cleared from the returned Authentication object, if it implements the CredentialsContainer interface. This behaviour can be controlled by modifying the eraseCredentialsAfterAuthentication property.

Event Publishing

Authentication event publishing is delegated to the configured AuthenticationEventPublisher which defaults to a null implementation which doesn't publish events, so if you are configuring the bean yourself you must inject a publisher bean if you want to receive events. The standard implementation is DefaultAuthenticationEventPublisher which maps common exceptions to events (in the case of authentication failure) and publishes an AuthenticationSuccessEvent if authentication succeeds. If you are using the namespace then an instance of this bean will be used automatically by the <http> configuration, so you will receive events from the web part of your application automatically.

Note that the implementation also publishes authentication failure events when it obtains an authentication result (or an exception) from the "parent" AuthenticationManager if one has been set. So in this situation, the parent should not generally be configured to publish events or there will be duplicates.

See Also:

Field Summary
protected messages
Constructor Summary
Method Summary
 void afterPropertiesSet()
 Authentication doAuthentication(Authentication authentication)
          Attempts to authenticate the passed Authentication object.
 java.util.List<AuthenticationProvider> getProviders()
 boolean isEraseCredentialsAfterAuthentication()
 void setAuthenticationEventPublisher(AuthenticationEventPublisher eventPublisher)
 void setEraseCredentialsAfterAuthentication(boolean eraseSecretData)
          If set to, a resulting Authentication which implements the CredentialsContainer interface will have its eraseCredentials method called before it is returned from the authenticate() method.
 void setMessageSource(org.springframework.context.MessageSource messageSource)
 void setParent(AuthenticationManager parent)
 void setProviders(java.util.List providers)
          Sets the AuthenticationProvider objects to be used for authentication.
Methods inherited from class
authenticate, setClearExtraInformation
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Field Detail


protected messages
Constructor Detail


public ProviderManager()
Method Detail


public void afterPropertiesSet()
                        throws java.lang.Exception
Specified by:
afterPropertiesSet in interface org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean


public Authentication doAuthentication(Authentication authentication)
                                throws AuthenticationException
Attempts to authenticate the passed Authentication object.

The list of AuthenticationProviders will be successively tried until an AuthenticationProvider indicates it is capable of authenticating the type of Authentication object passed. Authentication will then be attempted with that AuthenticationProvider.

If more than one AuthenticationProvider supports the passed Authentication object, only the first AuthenticationProvider tried will determine the result. No subsequent AuthenticationProviders will be tried.

Specified by:
doAuthentication in class AbstractAuthenticationManager
authentication - the authentication request object.
a fully authenticated object including credentials.
AuthenticationException - if authentication fails.


public java.util.List<AuthenticationProvider> getProviders()


public void setMessageSource(org.springframework.context.MessageSource messageSource)
Specified by:
setMessageSource in interface org.springframework.context.MessageSourceAware


public void setParent(AuthenticationManager parent)


public void setAuthenticationEventPublisher(AuthenticationEventPublisher eventPublisher)


public void setEraseCredentialsAfterAuthentication(boolean eraseSecretData)
If set to, a resulting Authentication which implements the CredentialsContainer interface will have its eraseCredentials method called before it is returned from the authenticate() method.

eraseSecretData - set to false to retain the credentials data in memory. Defaults to true.


public boolean isEraseCredentialsAfterAuthentication()


public void setProviders(java.util.List providers)
Sets the AuthenticationProvider objects to be used for authentication.

providers - the list of authentication providers which will be used to process authentication requests.
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if the list is empty or null, or any of the elements in the list is not an AuthenticationProvider instance.