org.springframework.security.web.authentication.www
Class BasicAuthenticationFilter

java.lang.Object
  extended by org.springframework.web.filter.GenericFilterBean
      extended by org.springframework.security.web.authentication.www.BasicAuthenticationFilter
All Implemented Interfaces:
javax.servlet.Filter, Aware, BeanNameAware, DisposableBean, InitializingBean, EnvironmentAware, ServletContextAware

public class BasicAuthenticationFilter
extends GenericFilterBean

Processes a HTTP request's BASIC authorization headers, putting the result into the SecurityContextHolder.

For a detailed background on what this filter is designed to process, refer to RFC 1945, Section 11.1. Any realm name presented in the HTTP request is ignored.

In summary, this filter is responsible for processing any request that has a HTTP request header of Authorization with an authentication scheme of Basic and a Base64-encoded username:password token. For example, to authenticate user "Aladdin" with password "open sesame" the following header would be presented:

 Authorization: Basic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ==
 

This filter can be used to provide BASIC authentication services to both remoting protocol clients (such as Hessian and SOAP) as well as standard user agents (such as Internet Explorer and Netscape).

If authentication is successful, the resulting Authentication object will be placed into the SecurityContextHolder.

If authentication fails and ignoreFailure is false (the default), an AuthenticationEntryPoint implementation is called (unless the ignoreFailure property is set to true). Usually this should be BasicAuthenticationEntryPoint, which will prompt the user to authenticate again via BASIC authentication.

Basic authentication is an attractive protocol because it is simple and widely deployed. However, it still transmits a password in clear text and as such is undesirable in many situations. Digest authentication is also provided by Spring Security and should be used instead of Basic authentication wherever possible. See DigestAuthenticationFilter.

Note that if a RememberMeServices is set, this filter will automatically send back remember-me details to the client. Therefore, subsequent requests will not need to present a BASIC authentication header as they will be authenticated using the remember-me mechanism.


Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from class org.springframework.web.filter.GenericFilterBean
logger
 
Constructor Summary
BasicAuthenticationFilter()
          Deprecated. Use constructor injection
BasicAuthenticationFilter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager)
          Creates an instance which will authenticate against the supplied AuthenticationManager and which will ignore failed authentication attempts, allowing the request to proceed down the filter chain.
BasicAuthenticationFilter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager, AuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint)
          Creates an instance which will authenticate against the supplied AuthenticationManager and use the supplied AuthenticationEntryPoint to handle authentication failures.
 
Method Summary
 void afterPropertiesSet()
           
 void doFilter(javax.servlet.ServletRequest req, javax.servlet.ServletResponse res, javax.servlet.FilterChain chain)
           
protected  AuthenticationEntryPoint getAuthenticationEntryPoint()
           
protected  AuthenticationManager getAuthenticationManager()
           
protected  String getCredentialsCharset(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest httpRequest)
           
protected  boolean isIgnoreFailure()
           
protected  void onSuccessfulAuthentication(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request, javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response, Authentication authResult)
           
protected  void onUnsuccessfulAuthentication(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request, javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response, AuthenticationException failed)
           
 void setAuthenticationDetailsSource(AuthenticationDetailsSource<javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,?> authenticationDetailsSource)
           
 void setAuthenticationEntryPoint(AuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint)
          Deprecated. Use constructor injection
 void setAuthenticationManager(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager)
          Deprecated. Use constructor injection
 void setCredentialsCharset(String credentialsCharset)
           
 void setIgnoreFailure(boolean ignoreFailure)
          Deprecated. Use the constructor which takes a single AuthenticationManager parameter
 void setRememberMeServices(RememberMeServices rememberMeServices)
           
 
Methods inherited from class org.springframework.web.filter.GenericFilterBean
addRequiredProperty, destroy, getFilterConfig, getFilterName, getServletContext, init, initBeanWrapper, initFilterBean, setBeanName, setEnvironment, setServletContext
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

BasicAuthenticationFilter

public BasicAuthenticationFilter()
Deprecated. Use constructor injection


BasicAuthenticationFilter

public BasicAuthenticationFilter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager)
Creates an instance which will authenticate against the supplied AuthenticationManager and which will ignore failed authentication attempts, allowing the request to proceed down the filter chain.

Parameters:
authenticationManager - the bean to submit authentication requests to

BasicAuthenticationFilter

public BasicAuthenticationFilter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager,
                                 AuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint)
Creates an instance which will authenticate against the supplied AuthenticationManager and use the supplied AuthenticationEntryPoint to handle authentication failures.

Parameters:
authenticationManager - the bean to submit authentication requests to
authenticationEntryPoint - will be invoked when authentication fails. Typically an instance of BasicAuthenticationEntryPoint.
Method Detail

afterPropertiesSet

public void afterPropertiesSet()
Specified by:
afterPropertiesSet in interface InitializingBean
Overrides:
afterPropertiesSet in class GenericFilterBean

doFilter

public void doFilter(javax.servlet.ServletRequest req,
                     javax.servlet.ServletResponse res,
                     javax.servlet.FilterChain chain)
              throws IOException,
                     javax.servlet.ServletException
Throws:
IOException
javax.servlet.ServletException

onSuccessfulAuthentication

protected void onSuccessfulAuthentication(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request,
                                          javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response,
                                          Authentication authResult)
                                   throws IOException
Throws:
IOException

onUnsuccessfulAuthentication

protected void onUnsuccessfulAuthentication(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request,
                                            javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response,
                                            AuthenticationException failed)
                                     throws IOException
Throws:
IOException

getAuthenticationEntryPoint

protected AuthenticationEntryPoint getAuthenticationEntryPoint()

setAuthenticationEntryPoint

@Deprecated
public void setAuthenticationEntryPoint(AuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint)
Deprecated. Use constructor injection


getAuthenticationManager

protected AuthenticationManager getAuthenticationManager()

setAuthenticationManager

@Deprecated
public void setAuthenticationManager(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager)
Deprecated. Use constructor injection


isIgnoreFailure

protected boolean isIgnoreFailure()

setIgnoreFailure

@Deprecated
public void setIgnoreFailure(boolean ignoreFailure)
Deprecated. Use the constructor which takes a single AuthenticationManager parameter


setAuthenticationDetailsSource

public void setAuthenticationDetailsSource(AuthenticationDetailsSource<javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,?> authenticationDetailsSource)

setRememberMeServices

public void setRememberMeServices(RememberMeServices rememberMeServices)

setCredentialsCharset

public void setCredentialsCharset(String credentialsCharset)

getCredentialsCharset

protected String getCredentialsCharset(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest httpRequest)