OIDC Logout

Once an end user is able to login to your application, it’s important to consider how they will log out.

Generally speaking, there are three use cases for you to consider:

  1. I want to perform only a local logout

  2. I want to log out both my application and the OIDC Provider, initiated by my application

  3. I want to log out both my application and the OIDC Provider, initiated by the OIDC Provider

Local Logout

To perform a local logout, no special OIDC configuration is needed. Spring Security automatically stands up a local logout endpoint, which you can configure through the logout() DSL.

OpenID Connect 1.0 Client-Initiated Logout

OpenID Connect Session Management 1.0 allows the ability to log out the end user at the Provider by using the Client. One of the strategies available is RP-Initiated Logout.

If the OpenID Provider supports both Session Management and Discovery, the client can obtain the end_session_endpoint URL from the OpenID Provider’s Discovery Metadata. You can do so by configuring the ClientRegistration with the issuer-uri, as follows:

spring:
  security:
    oauth2:
      client:
        registration:
          okta:
            client-id: okta-client-id
            client-secret: okta-client-secret
            ...
        provider:
          okta:
            issuer-uri: https://dev-1234.oktapreview.com

Also, you should configure OidcClientInitiatedLogoutSuccessHandler, which implements RP-Initiated Logout, as follows:

  • Java

  • Kotlin

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class OAuth2LoginSecurityConfig {

	@Autowired
	private ClientRegistrationRepository clientRegistrationRepository;

	@Bean
	public SecurityFilterChain filterChain(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
		http
			.authorizeHttpRequests(authorize -> authorize
				.anyRequest().authenticated()
			)
			.oauth2Login(withDefaults())
			.logout(logout -> logout
				.logoutSuccessHandler(oidcLogoutSuccessHandler())
			);
		return http.build();
	}

	private LogoutSuccessHandler oidcLogoutSuccessHandler() {
		OidcClientInitiatedLogoutSuccessHandler oidcLogoutSuccessHandler =
				new OidcClientInitiatedLogoutSuccessHandler(this.clientRegistrationRepository);

		// Sets the location that the End-User's User Agent will be redirected to
		// after the logout has been performed at the Provider
		oidcLogoutSuccessHandler.setPostLogoutRedirectUri("{baseUrl}");

		return oidcLogoutSuccessHandler;
	}
}
@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
class OAuth2LoginSecurityConfig {
    @Autowired
    private lateinit var clientRegistrationRepository: ClientRegistrationRepository

    @Bean
    open fun filterChain(http: HttpSecurity): SecurityFilterChain {
        http {
            authorizeHttpRequests {
                authorize(anyRequest, authenticated)
            }
            oauth2Login { }
            logout {
                logoutSuccessHandler = oidcLogoutSuccessHandler()
            }
        }
        return http.build()
    }

    private fun oidcLogoutSuccessHandler(): LogoutSuccessHandler {
        val oidcLogoutSuccessHandler = OidcClientInitiatedLogoutSuccessHandler(clientRegistrationRepository)

        // Sets the location that the End-User's User Agent will be redirected to
        // after the logout has been performed at the Provider
        oidcLogoutSuccessHandler.setPostLogoutRedirectUri("{baseUrl}")
        return oidcLogoutSuccessHandler
    }
}

OidcClientInitiatedLogoutSuccessHandler supports the {baseUrl} placeholder. If used, the application’s base URL, such as app.example.org, replaces it at request time.

OpenID Connect 1.0 Back-Channel Logout

OpenID Connect Session Management 1.0 allows the ability to log out the end user at the Client by having the Provider make an API call to the Client. This is referred to as OIDC Back-Channel Logout.

To enable this, you can stand up the Back-Channel Logout endpoint in the DSL like so:

  • Java

  • Kotlin

@Bean
public SecurityFilterChain filterChain(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
    http
        .authorizeHttpRequests((authorize) -> authorize
            .anyRequest().authenticated()
        )
        .oauth2Login(withDefaults())
        .oidcLogout((logout) -> logout
            .backChannel(Customizer.withDefaults())
        );
    return http.build();
}
@Bean
open fun filterChain(http: HttpSecurity): SecurityFilterChain {
    http {
        authorizeRequests {
            authorize(anyRequest, authenticated)
        }
        oauth2Login { }
        oidcLogout {
            backChannel { }
        }
    }
    return http.build()
}

Then, you need a way listen to events published by Spring Security to remove old OidcSessionInformation entries, like so:

  • Java

  • Kotlin

@Bean
public HttpSessionEventListener sessionEventListener() {
    return new HttpSessionEventListener();
}
@Bean
open fun sessionEventListener(): HttpSessionEventListener {
    return HttpSessionEventListener()
}

This will make so that if HttpSession#invalidate is called, then the session is also removed from memory.

And that’s it!

This will stand up the endpoint /logout/connect/back-channel/{registrationId} which the OIDC Provider can request to invalidate a given session of an end user in your application.

oidcLogout requires that oauth2Login also be configured.
oidcLogout requires that the session cookie be called JSESSIONID in order to correctly log out each session through a backchannel.

Back-Channel Logout Architecture

Consider a ClientRegistration whose identifier is registrationId.

The overall flow for a Back-Channel logout is like this:

  1. At login time, Spring Security correlates the ID Token, CSRF Token, and Provider Session ID (if any) to your application’s session id in its OidcSessionStrategy implementation.

  2. Then at logout time, your OIDC Provider makes an API call to /logout/connect/back-channel/registrationId including a Logout Token that indicates either the sub (the End User) or the sid (the Provider Session ID) to logout.

  3. Spring Security validates the token’s signature and claims.

  4. If the token contains a sid claim, then only the Client’s session that correlates to that provider session is terminated.

  5. Otherwise, if the token contains a sub claim, then all that Client’s sessions for that End User are terminated.

Remember that Spring Security’s OIDC support is multi-tenant. This means that it will only terminate sessions whose Client matches the aud claim in the Logout Token.

Customizing the OIDC Provider Session Strategy

By default, Spring Security stores in-memory all links between the OIDC Provider session and the Client session.

There are a number of circumstances, like a clustered application, where it would be nice to store this instead in a separate location, like a database.

You can achieve this by configuring a custom OidcSessionStrategy, like so:

  • Java

  • Kotlin

@Component
public final class MySpringDataOidcSessionStrategy implements OidcSessionStrategy {
    private final OidcProviderSessionRepository sessions;

    // ...

    @Override
    public void saveSessionInformation(OidcSessionInformation info) {
        this.sessions.save(info);
    }

    @Override
    public OidcSessionInformation(String clientSessionId) {
       return this.sessions.removeByClientSessionId(clientSessionId);
    }

    @Override
    public Iterable<OidcSessionInformation> removeSessionInformation(OidcLogoutToken token) {
        return token.getSessionId() != null ?
            this.sessions.removeBySessionIdAndIssuerAndAudience(...) :
            this.sessions.removeBySubjectAndIssuerAndAudience(...);
    }
}
@Component
class MySpringDataOidcSessionStrategy: OidcSessionStrategy {
    val sessions: OidcProviderSessionRepository

    // ...

    @Override
    fun saveSessionInformation(info: OidcSessionInformation) {
        this.sessions.save(info)
    }

    @Override
    fun removeSessionInformation(clientSessionId: String): OidcSessionInformation {
       return this.sessions.removeByClientSessionId(clientSessionId);
    }

    @Override
    fun removeSessionInformation(token: OidcLogoutToken): Iterable<OidcSessionInformation> {
        return token.getSessionId() != null ?
            this.sessions.removeBySessionIdAndIssuerAndAudience(...) :
            this.sessions.removeBySubjectAndIssuerAndAudience(...);
    }
}